The Tom Bearden
Without belaboring the issue, I now point out and summarize some of these conclusions.
First, a more primary mechanism causes or generates force -- ANY force.
Second, force implies the presence of mass a priori. Force does not exist in vacuum, since vacuum is the absence of mass. _
Third, no force fields of any kind exist in vacuum, including Ë-field, B-field, and gravitational field. _
Fourth, since Hertzian waves are defined in terms of Ë and H force fields, and these fields do not exist in vacuum, then Hertzian waves do not exist in vacuum.
Tesla pointed out long ago that vacuum EM waves are longitudinal waves, not Hertz waves. Vacuum EM waves are similar to sound waves in a gas.
The Hertz wave exists as a matter wave in the electron gas in a transmitting antenna, and in the electron gas in a receiving antenna, but does not exist in the vacuum in between the two antennas. Between them, EM waves are longitudinal waves.