-- Quantum Mechanics Compounds the
addition, the two presently recognized observation states -- observable
and nonobservable (virtual) -- were of course unknown to the early
geometers and electricians, and these ideas were not incorporated
directly into the theoretical foundation.
particle physics and quantum mechanics, we now understand that physical
reality is structured of an observable state, underlaid with an infinite
number of ever finer, successive levels of virtual (unobservable)
states. At least reality is most accurately modeled in that
fashion, according to particle physics today.
also well known, for example, that at the most fundamental level, one
cannot actually separate nonmotion from motion (which implies, for
example, that one cannot separate mass and velocity). In other
words, a "mass in motion" idea is actually incorrect, at the
most basic level. What actually exists is a sort of "smeared
mass". That is, "mass-motion" is fundamentally what
exists, not mass IN motion .
all that the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle implies is this
fact: If one examines the concept of "static (non-smeared)
thing in non-static (smeared) motion", in ever finer detail, one
reaches a degree of fineness where the "smearing" is paramount
and one cannot have an un-smeared or "separate static thing"
to be in motion. Instead, one only has the smeared, 4-dimensional
spacetime entity, without 3-dimensional spatial separations.
for example, that at the most basic level, it is actually incorrect to
represent a momentum with a little static particle of mass connected to
a spatial velocity vector. It is incorrect to think of the system
as comprised of TWO SEPARATE ENTITIES, (1) a mass, and (2) a massless
spatial system velocity vector (a geometer's vector).
in passing that, presently, we understand that every particle is
continually accelerating. First, the particle has spin, which
involves rotation, which means that every "part" of the
periphery of the particle is accelerated toward the center axis of spin.
Second, every particle is continuously "fluctuating," and
these fluctuations are accelerations. Further, we must consider
any change such as an acceleration -- as existing in a small time
increment, and occurring in a small length increment. Thus mass
particles actually exist as (mass x acceleration x time x length).
This of course has the dimensions of ACTION or angular momentum.
The "real" world of physical matter, then, is composed of building
blocks of action, called "quanta." Any other physical
"quantity" must be obtained by fissioning (differentiating)
the action quantum. For this reason, quantum mechanics presently
must postulate that to every observable there corresponds an operator.