Novel Principles In
The Rife Microscope
And Rife's Great Secret
Ó
1998 T.E. Bearden
Substantially
updated Aug. 20, 2001
Foreword
In the 1930s and 1940s,
Royal Raymond Rife {1} made revolutionary discoveries in microscopy, including
development of novel microscopes that could see far beyond the
accustomed one-tenth wavelength limitation according to Rayleigh
theory. With his
microscope, he was able to "see" ultramicroscopic living
forms much smaller than anything considered in the observable state.
It would appear that his microscope was somehow capable of
peering directly into the virtual state itself, and finding living
forms at that level that were far beyond anything ever suspected by
conventional science, even to this day.
Obviously this work was
dramatically controversial. Rife
went on to develop treatment methods and devices based on the new
level of living organisms that his microscope revealed.
In short, he arrived at essentially a new theory of disease,
and did achieve success with his—to conventional scientists—completely
unprecedented devices and methods of treating and healing.
While we do not discuss his treatment methods in this paper, we
do discuss the methods of Prioré, whom we believe to have used
similar principles. So
these discussions may shed some light on Rife's therapeutic mechanisms
also.
Rife and others reported
his results in the proper scientific literature.
For his efforts, he was ostracized, essentially imprisoned in a
medical treatment facility, broken, and rejected by his peers.
His findings were harshly ridiculed and discredited.
Finally escaping from his enforced confinement, Rife lived out
his remaining years and died quietly and unknown.
In the present paper it
is not our purpose to address Rife's theory of disease or his
treatment devices and methods. It
is solely our purpose to propose a higher symmetry electrodynamics
functioning of his microscope, as one possible explanation of the
startling microscopy results he achieved.
We will reveal what we are convinced is Rife's great secret:
recursive virtual state magnification (amplification) by iterative
difference frequency serial summation of vacuum engines.
This is a substantial change from an earlier mechanism proposed
by the present author, which proved to be in error {1}.
We accent that this is
not a "standard electrodynamics" examination of the Rife
microscope; normal U(1) electrodynamics and transverse EM waves
contain no mechanisms that can explain the functioning of the
instrument. Accordingly,
since no such explanation is contained in the usual electrodynamics,
one must of necessity turn to those available electrodynamics models
that are of much higher symmetry than afforded by vector and tensor
algebra. To show the fit
to experiments, we must also address an enormous amount of the work
performed by Prioré and his colleagues.
Only in such EM models and their known fit to actual
experiments are the additional phenomena and principles available that
can possibly explain Rife's epochal results.
Also, because of the
importance of this unified field theory area, we include substantial
references and additional extended discussions in the endnotes for
further technical clarification.
Thirty figures are added to illustrate the material.
The
Rife Microscope
The Rife microscope {
[1]
} (Figure 1)
cannot be made to work by normal optical principles at the level
utilized by Rife. With
normal optics, about one-tenth wavelength is as fine an optical
resolution as one can get. Since
Rife went far beyond that, it should be obvious that he was using
optics and electrodynamics of a novel
kind, and of a type not yet in the conventional textbook.
We believe we are aware of the major principles used in Rife’s
microscope, or at least some of them, but prior to 1998 we shied away
from anything to do with the scope.
My major interests have been in extracting EM energy from the
vacuum and in developing a new kind of medical therapy utilizing
higher symmetry electrodynamics—and thus unified field theory—to
directly and slowly change cellular disease or disorder back to a
normal previous state. Obviously,
if one is to produce a microscope that "sees" optically
further into the realm of smallness than any other microscope can
conventionally do (even in theory), that microscope must be
functioning in a higher electrodynamics mode rather than in the
conventional one.
In this
paper, we will try to summarize some deep physics principles
underlying the Rife microscope, at least as we see them terms of a
higher symmetry EM model, and we cite some references for the bits and
pieces. A more detailed
explanation must wait for a future time and assistance from very
high-level theorists.
Introduction
A
good hint is this: Rife (Figure
2)
often painfully adjusted his microscope stages for up to 24
hours before he finally got the instrument "focused."
Immediately that shows it is not standard optical equipment.
Well-made standard optics—and Rife’s microscope was
beautifully made—can be adjusted far more easily than that (in
minutes!).
So
far as we are aware, no one ever looked at the Rife work except
through essentially rather orthodox electrodynamics and rather
orthodox optics eyes. Normal
optical theory permits resolution of about one tenth of the wavelength
of the light used, and a few microscopes in the last few years have
gone just a wee bit further. But none have gone anywhere to the degree of smallness that
Rife reported.
In
our view, the orthodox approach to explaining the operation of Rife's
microscope is doomed to fail from the beginning.
Even a very good scientist will fail with replication, if that
approach is exclusively taken. An
entire scientific team and substantial funding will not do any better,
unless something technically deeper is understood and tackled from the
outset. We give an
overview of our approach to tackling that problem.
To begin with, we must present some errors in electrodynamics
and an omission in general relativity, so that we can develop the
necessary background. The
discussion is not simple and will require considerable development.
Once the considerable background is developed, the application
to the Rife microscope will be straightforward.
Errors
in Electrodynamics and Adjustments to General Relativity
First, present
electrodynamics itself has serious flaws and shortcomings, and needs
substantial revision {[2]
}. As
foundations scientist Bunge points out {[3]}:
"...it
is not usually acknowledged that electrodynamics, both classical and
quantal, are in a sad state.”
Bunge
{[4]
} also said:
"...
the best modern physicist is the one who acknowledges that neither
classical nor quantum physics are cut and dried, both being full of
holes and in need of a vigorous overhauling not only to better cover
their own domains but also to join smoothly so as to produce a
coherent picture of the various levels of physical reality."
The flaws in
electrodynamics pass over into what has been constructed for optical
theory—both linear and nonlinear—which just assumes the
electrodynamics as a subset.
For our purpose, we need
to clarify what modern electrodynamics does and does not say about the
massless vacuum, and about the state and form of EM entities—such as
potentials, fields, and waves—created in it (in empty
space) by matter dynamics, or acting from it (from empty
space) onto matter and causing matter dynamics.
Maxwell and all his
peers believed firmly in the material ether, a thin material fluid
filling all space and every crevice.
To scientists at the time, not one single point in the universe
was devoid of this material etheric fluid—this thin matter.
The atom had not been discovered, the electron had not been
discovered, and electricity was also considered a thin material fluid.
Charge had no more meaning than “a piece of the electric
fluid,” much like a cubic centimeter of water.
Faraday {[5]
} believed that the EM influence in space consisted of material lines of force which
acted as taut strings under tension from some mysterious source.
He believed that EM disturbances were just the transverse wave
“perturbations” of these taut strings.
In his concept, Faraday omitted the string holder or other
agent producing the tensile forces upon the string (Figure
3).
He thus omitted Newton’s third law from his electrodynamics
concept. He also omitted
precisely half the energy, by omitting the equal-energy time-reversed
EM wave that accompanies the formation of every ordinary EM wave we
take account of. In a
receiving copper wire antenna, for example, not only do the electrons
interact with the incoming fields, but so do the protons in the nuclei—though
highly damped in amplitude by the proton's large mass with respect to
the mass of a disturbed Drude electron.
However, the two energetic interactions (of perturbed protons
and perturbed electrons) are of equal energy magnitude.
So in the conductor, equal energy is expended to move the
"lattice holes" (positrons) as is used to move the Drude
electrons, else field theory itself is falsified.
Except in semiconductors, electrical engineers mostly just
ignore the "disturbed lattice hole current" energy.
Maxwell deliberately
captured Faraday’s thinking, mathematically {[6]
}, and so just assumed
Faraday’s lines of force and the “plucked tight string”
transverse EM wave in the material ether {[7]
} as well as the unexplained tension .
The notion of the transverse EM wave in vacuum has essentially
no other theoretical justification than that Faraday-Maxwell
assumption and the observed "transverse waves" generated in
the receiving "electric fluid in the conductor" in and on
the Drude electrons. The transverse EM wave notion in vacuum was maintained only
by discarding its missing antiwave that is always formed
simultaneously in our transmitters and receivers (e.g., when we
perturb the Drude electrons in a transmitting wire antenna, we also
perturb the protons in the nuclei with the same energy.
The two disturbances—proton disturbance in the nucleus and
Drude electron disturbance in the Drude electron gas—perturb the
local surrounding vacuum/spacetime with equal energy, so in the vacuum
"virtual particle flux gas" the two perturbations are
energetically equal. The receiving wire receives both perturbation
waves from the vacuum; one perturbs the electrons and the other
perturbs the nuclei. Since
the second wave is unaccounted, the perturbation of the nuclei is just
considered a "mysterious force" that always appears. In a pumped phase conjugate mirror material, e.g., we
interact the waves prior to their reaching the nuclei, by multi-wave
mixing. Since the
"causative" but neglected second wave coming in from space
does not reach the nuclei, but are redirected to form the phase
conjugate replica wave produced by the pumping, the mirror does not
recoil and it does not exhibit Newtonian third law reaction.
However, since electrodynamics omits the EM causative wave that
generates Newton’s third law forces in the receiver, which in normal
detection always appear, then presently electrodynamic fields are
erroneously said to be devoid of Newton's third law reaction.
To the contrary, the effects of that hidden, neglected EM cause
of the Newtonian third law reaction do appear, either as recoil of the
physical receiving antenna or as the production of the time-reverse
phase conjugate replica wave in optical pumping.
But in standard electrodynamics, equal-and-opposite forces in
the receiving antenna are assumed to arise "mystically” or from
some hidden electrodynamic demon.
The electrodynamic cause of Newton's third law has been lost
since Maxwell wrote his theory.
Maxwell, however, was
careful to point out the ad hoc nature of assuming the stress in the
vacuum, and that no mechanism for it had been discovered, nor was such
a mechanism contained in his theory.
Specifically, Maxwell said {[8]
}:
“It must be carefully borne in mind that we have made only one step in
the theory of the action of the medium.
We have supposed it to be in a state of stress, but we have not
in any way accounted for this stress, or explained how it is
maintained. This step,
however, seems to me to be an important one, as it explains, by the
action of the consecutive parts of the medium, phenomena which were
formerly supposed to be explicable only by direct action at a
distance. … I have not been able to make the next step, namely, to
account by mechanical considerations for these stresses in the
dielectric. I therefore
leave the theory at this point, merely stating what are the other
parts of the phenomenon of induction in dielectrics.”
Indeed, we now know of
electrons and their spin. The
longitudinally-constrained, spinning Drude electrons in receiving
wires will gyroprecess laterally in the wire when an EM disturbance
from the vacuum interacts with them.
(Figure
4)
It is well-known that these Drude electrons are highly
restrained longitudinally down the wire; the longitudinal movement is
the "drift" velocity and may be nominally only a few inches
per hour. The lateral
precession of the longitudinally constrained, spinning Drude electrons
establishes that the incoming vacuum disturbance, before its
interaction with the gyroelectrons, is longitudinal. Else one must discard electron spin, electron gyroprecession,
and indeed the theory of gyroscopic precession itself. In our view, the EM wave in
vacuum is longitudinal, always has been, and always will be {[9]
}. It also does
not consist of EM force fields, contrary to present classical
theory. Instead, only the
potentiality {[10]} for the transverse force fields—should
the longitudinally perturbed vacuum EM entity be intercepted by a
spinning charged particle and interact with it—exists in mass-free
space, as pointed out by Feynman.
Quoting Feynman again {[11]
}:
.
"We may think of E(x,
y, z, t) and B(x, y, z, t)
as giving the forces that would be experienced at the time t by
a charge located at (x, y, z), with the condition that placing
the charge there did not disturb the positions or motion of all
the other charges responsible for the fields."
Rigorously the force
fields exist only in and of matter.
In matter-free space, there is no force at all in what we call
the "field as it exists in massfree space" {[12]
}. E.g.,
Jackson states it this way {[13]}:
"Most
classical electrodynamicists continue to adhere to the notion that the
EM force field exists as such in the vacuum, but do admit that
physically measurable quantities such as force somehow involve the
product of charge and field."
But again, Jackson also states {[14]
}:
"...the
thing that eventually gets measured is a force..."
"At the moment, the electric field can be defined as the
force per unit charge acting at a given point.
It is a vector function of position, denoted by E.
One must be careful in its definition, however.
It is not necessarily the force that one would observe by
placing one unit of charge on a pith ball and placing it in position.
The reason is that one unit of charge may be so large that its
presence alters appreciably the field configuration of the array.
Consequently one must use a limiting process whereby the ratio
of the force on the small test body to the charge on it is measured
for smaller and smaller amounts of charge.
Experimentally, this ratio and the direction of the force will
become constant as the amount of test charge is made smaller and
smaller. These limiting
values of magnitude and direction define the magnitude and direction
of the electric field E at the point in question.
In symbols we may write
F = qE
where F is the force, E the electric field, and q the charge.
In this equation it is assumed that the charge q is located at
a point, and the force and the electric field are evaluated at that
point."
As can be seen, much of the difficulty occurs because physicists
continue to erroneously utilize an equation
as if it were a definition.
An equation defines nothing at all; it merely states that all
the "things on the left"
of the equality sign and all the "things on the
right" have the same overall magnitudes.
It does not define any of the things on
the left or right, and so it tells us nothing at all about what
anything in it really is.
A definition requires an identity, not an equality. E.g., if we take as an identity the very equation advanced by
Jackson's explanation above, we then have a definition:
F º qE => E º
F/q
And now that identity clearly states that charged mass is a component
of the E-field. Similar
argument prevails for the B-field, etc.
The identity also shows
that E is not the magnitude of the force field at all, but is
its local intensity at any given point in the E field, in terms
of force per unit point static coulomb—a force formed in, on, and of
the charged mass of the coulomb.
The misstatement that E represents the magnitude of the
field is another great non sequitur.
No textbook gives the calculation of the magnitude of
the E-field, though all purport to.
Instead, they all give the calculation of the intensity
of the E-field at each point in it.
There is a great difference between the magnitude of an
automobile's mounted tire and its pressure per sq. inch on the
pavement. In all
fairness, some of the better texts do use the term "field
intensity", at least occasionally.
As defined, the EM
force fields are effects produced in, on, and of charged matter and only
in, on, and of charged matter. They
are not at all the same effects produced in matter-free space (in the
vacuum/spacetime). The EM
force field (in matter) is not the same as the "massfree"
E-field in massfree spacetime. Ultimately,
all that exists in spacetime are spacetime and changes to
spacetime.
We may accurately take
the mass-free, force-free EM field to be a pattern of spacetime
curvatures. The coupling
of this spacetime curvature set, or any part of it, with charged mass,
then constitutes an EM force field.
Again, the problem is the hoary old mechanics notion of having
a separate massless force acting upon a separate mass.
No such thing exists in all nature, and mechanics should have
been rather thoroughly overhauled long ago as a result of this
horrendous foundations of mechanics error that is centuries
old.
In
present classical electrodynamics—certainly the kind taught to
electrical engineers and used in the electrical engineering discipline—the
EM potential {[15]
}, field, and wave, as
they truly exist in space and in
the vacuum, are
rigorously not prescribed at all.
Instead, the effect of the "causal entity" as it
exists in vacuum prior to interaction with charged mass, is used a if
it were what exists in and on the charged mass as the effect of the
interaction. (See Figure
5, Figure 6,
and Figure 7).
This substitution of the effect for the cause is arguably the
greatest uncorrected error in classical electrodynamics today.
It is a hangover from the old days of the material ether, and
the refusal to change the Maxwell-Heaviside equations to eliminate
that material ether assumption, once the Michelson-Morley experiments
falsified it. This has
long been known to foundations physicists, and to most of the better
electrodynamicists as well. But
it still seems to be known to very few electrical engineers!
Many
attempts have been made to “modify” the standard classical
electrodynamics theory, but most have failed.
For some reason, most of these attempted modifications seem to
have accepted the present “matter-to-matter transform” approach (Figure
8) of present electrodynamics, failing to see that the two missing
transforms of matter-to-spacetime and spacetime-to-matter (Figure 9)
are in fact just general relativity itself {[16]
,
[17]
} The solution
for adding the missing two transforms into electrodynamics therefore
may lie in “infolding” general relativity directly within
electrodynamics, rather than placing the two on an equal footing.
That requires the analysis of the supersystem rather than the
system, a concept which will be discussed shortly. Figure
10
shows the utilization of the "vacuum engine" that results
from this "infolded GR" solution.
To
our knowledge, the Sachs unified field theory {[18]
a,b,c,d,e} is presently the only practical unified field
theory that can be directly engineered by higher symmetry
electrodynamics, such as the O(3) group symmetry EM model advanced by
Evans and Vigier and perfected by Evans {[19]
}. The
engineering power of Sachs' theory is remarkable {[20]
}, and the O(3) electrodynamics has been shown by Evans to
be an important subset of the unified electrodynamics in Sachs'
theory.
Let
us examine that statement a little deeper.
In classical
electrodynamics the sources of all EM potentials, fields, waves, and
their energies are assumed to be the charges—which are assumed to
somehow act as perpetual motion machines that continuously create
and pour out all that EM energy in the fields and potentials
associated with the charge as their "source".
This outpouring of 3-space energy comprising and establishing
the associated potentials and fields eventually fills all space with
energy. All the charges
and dipoles present in the universe since shortly after its formation
have done this for some 14 billion years.
Yet in classical EM—with
all the existing charges in the universe implicitly assumed to
continuously pour out energy into all of space, and most having done
so for billions of years—inexplicably space is then
considered to be an emptiness having no interactive energetic exchange
with the charge at all {[21]
}. That of
course is a non sequitur because it involves a total
contradiction of the conservation of energy law.
If there is no active energy in spacetime for the charged
particle to receive and then output in 3-space, then the energy
conservation is falsified by every charge and every dipole.
In particle physics the
inactive vacuum concept is known to be quite wrong, else the charge
creates energy from nothing. That
would violate the most sacrosanct law in physics: that energy
can neither be created nor destroyed.
So electrodynamics—both classical and quantum, neither of
which contains the solution to this source charge problem—is
in gross violation of conservation of energy laws, because it assumes
that the charge is solely the source of its associated fields and
potentials and their energy {
[22]
} and that it accordingly creates all that energy it has
poured out since the beginning of the universe.
Presently the electrical
engineer implicitly assumes total violation of the conservation of
energy law with every equation he writes, and is blissfully unaware of
it.
Particle physicists,
however, have done much better and published and incorporated their
results, although inexplicably the mainstream electrodynamicists have
not changed their own model accordingly.
Particle physicists have known and shown for more than 40 years
that (i) space is a seething inferno of EM energy {
[23]}, (ii) a charge continually undergoes a violent energy
exchange (see Figure 11)
with the vacuum EM flux. That
exchange is what a charged mass is doing, to make it a
"charged mass"), and (iii) the charge is a broken
symmetry in that violent energetic flux of the vacuum.
"Broken symmetry" means that the charge disrupts and
alters part of that virtual particle flux to observable EM energy flux
(see again Figures 5, 6.
and 7). The
charge continually absorbs virtual energy from the vacuum, radiates some
of that absorbed energy back to the vacuum in virtual form, but integrates
and radiates the remainder
in a flow of potentially observable energy—the energy flow
discovered by Poynting {[24]
} and Heaviside {[25]
} after Maxwell was already deceased.
So what does the source
charge really do? It
coheres, transduces, and gates
some of its virtual energy {[26]
} received from the vacuum, into an EM energy flow going
out in all directions in 3-space from that source charge. Contrary to
present electrodynamics, this energy flow is actually longitudinal and
bidirectional {[27]
,
[28]
,
[29]
,
[30]}, with energy going out in 3-space from the charge to every point in the universe,
and with energy coming from every point in the universe back
to the charge through the time domain.
But as reinterpreted {22
b}, Whittaker {[31]
} showed in 1903 that any such bidirectional EM flow of
energy—reinterpreted with the input energy to the charge coming from
the time-domain, and the output energy from the charge being emitted
into 3-space, comprises a scalar potential.
This also agrees with quantum field theory {[32]
}
See Figure 12.
As it really exists in space, a scalar potential is a harmonic
set of bidirectional EM energy flows, with the
"bidirectional" EM waves being outgoing EM waves in 3-space
caused by interaction with the source charge or dipole of incoming
time-polarized EM waves. There
is a set of outgoing EM longitudinal waves in 3-space, perfectly
correlated with a set of incoming time-polarized EM waves in the time
domain. Hence one
time-polarized EM "causal" wave couples with one outgoing
longitudinal EM wave in 3-space.
It is this scalar EM wave coupling (combining) with
longitudinal EM wave coupling, in a harmonic set of phase conjugate
pairs, that constitutes the scalar EM potential.
In short, all EM energy
in 3-space comes from the time domain.
After all, no observable
persists continuously in time. Any
observable is a frozen 3-space momentary snapshot of an ongoing
4-space interaction. It
is the result of a d/dt operation imposed upon LLLT spacetime, to
yield a momentary LLL by
d/dt(LLLT) => LLL
What we see as the
"motion of an object in 3-space" is actually the ensemble of
a continual serial
iteration of such "frozen 3-space snapshots" of each
observable part of the object, much as the iterative frames of a movie
film are seen as a continuously moving picture.
In Whittaker's
bidirectional energy flow associated with the source charge,
electrodynamicists—including Whittaker himself—assumed that a
point positive coulomb of charge is located at each and every point in
space. (Figure
5, Figure 6, and Figure
7). A tiny bit of the impinging EM energy flow “from” the
distant source charge {[33]
} is geometrically intercepted and diverted by the
observing/detecting point charge to streamline around it, creating a
“swirl around” of diverted energy flow.
As can be seen, only a tiny portion of the impinging and
passing EM energy stream in 3-space is diverged into the swirl.
This is rather like a small diverted whirlpool of water forming
around a stable rock in a flowing river.
In electrodynamics the amount of energy in that “diverged
whirlpool” is said to be the “collected” energy appearing upon
that point charge (upon that fixed rock).
That amount of energy swirled by the intercepting point coulomb
at a given point in space, is then erroneously said to be the magnitude
of the potential (the magnitude of the entire river).
It is no such thing. The
small fraction of the potential that is diverted from the
potential's flowing rivers of energy, is not that the magnitude of
that potential (the magnitude of the entire set of flowing rivers
themselves!) And
it is certainly not “identically” the river itself!
At best it is a measure of the intensity of the
potential (the local intensity of all those internal rivers of energy
flow) at that point occupied by the intercepting/diverting rock.
The
point is, as defined and used in
conventional electrodynamics, the potential occurs only after the
vacuum EM entity’s reaction with the intercepting mass, and is
defined only as the effect produced
upon that coulomb by the causative potential's interaction.
Literally, the potential (the cause) is erroneously defined as
the “excitation” or “excess energy” it locally produces as an effect
upon a unit point intercepting/collecting charge.
Ironically,
it appears that no electrodynamicist calculates the magnitude of the
actual potential as it exists in vacuum-spacetime, before its
interaction with charge {[34],
[35]
}. Its magnitude is enormous, since the potential may
extend over all space, and energy can be intercepted and collected by
a charge placed at any point therein, or from charges placed at every
point therein.
Certainly
no rigorous definition of the potential presently exists in physics;
the reader is challenged to check for himself or herself.
No legitimate definition can exist for the potential,
until the little matter is resolved of its present erroneous
definition only "in and on and deviated by" charged matter,
contradicted by the simultaneous assumption that it does exist in
mass-free space in undeviated form.
What is deviated from the potential, is not the potential
itself. A part of
something torn out of that something at one point in itself, is not
the whole. The local
effect cannot be substituted for the entire nonlocal cause—only
a small part of which interacts locally.
The EM force field is
similarly defined—only for charge mass interception, and only as an effect produced upon the intercepting charge.
(See again Figures 5, 6, and
7.) A flow of water across a rock (or the wind on a rock in the
desert) produces a “pileup” of fluid on the windward side, and a
lesser “pileup” on the downwind side.
The difference (called the “gradient”) in the energy
density collected across the standard charge (rock) produces a “difference
in pressure” on the rock—in other words, a force per interacting
rock. That effect
is erroneously taken to be the EM field itself, when rigorously it is
only the reaction cross section of the EM field.
Again, rigorously this EM field as
defined in electrodynamics only exists as the effect that occurs
upon an intercepting standard charge
or "rock" {[36]}.
Since the EM wave “in
space” is erroneously said to be made of varying EM fields, it too
is defined only as the effect upon the intercepting charged mass,
after the vacuum EM wave entity—whatever it is—has interacted with
the charge and changed the charge translationally and energetically.
Specifically, the present “EM wave in vacuum” in the
literature is not at all what is presented and taught in undergraduate
texts, and even the standard illustration of "oscillating E-field
and B-field vectors" lateral to the line of motion of the wave is
horribly wrong. E.g.,
Dr. Robert Romer, former editor of American Journal of
Physics, has taken that error to task as follows {
[37]
}:
"…that dreadful diagram purporting to show the electric and
magnetic fields of a plane wave, as a function of position (and/or
time?) that besmirch the pages of almost every introductory book. …it
is a horrible diagram. 'Misleading'
would be too kind a word; 'wrong' is more accurate."
"…perhaps then, for historical interest, [we should]
find out how that diagram came to contaminate our literature in the
first place."
The EM field and wave as commonly regarded are transfer
functions from the source charged masses that “perturbed the vacuum
medium and created an unknown kind of disturbance therein”, onto the
receiving charged masses that intercept the incoming “unknown vacuum
wave entity that was created” and interact with it, being translated and perturbed as a result.
This “detected”
translation of the receiving charged masses (usually the interacting
Drude electrons in a wire) is what our instruments detect. Indeed, the
Drude electrons are highly constrained from moving longitudinally down
the wire, usually moving at only a few inches per hour.
They are much freer to move laterally, however, and can easily
do so.
Reacting with the
incoming longitudinal EM wave perturbation of local spacetime, the
spin of the electron produces gyroscopic precession laterally in the
wire since the electron is terribly restrained in moving
longitudinally down the wire. Since
our instruments detect these transverse electron precession waves,
that has been totally confused (since Faraday's "plucked taut
string" notion of the EM wave and Maxwell's arbitrary adoption of
it) as representing the incoming wave in vacuum.
It does not represent the vacuum EM wave at all; the incoming
wave is in fact a longitudinal EM wave in 3-space, associated with a
precisely correlated longitudinal EM wave in the time-domain.
So we have answered
Professor Romer's implied question.
That horrible diagram came from the assumption by early
electrodynamicists, before discovery of the electron or atom or
nucleus, that the "transverse electric fluid waves" in the
receiving wires represented actual "intercepted" fluid
perturbations arriving in the material ether medium.
In summary: Using
a transmitter-receiver analysis, the so-called “EM wave in vacuum”
as presently defined,
actually represents that “detected and measured electron precession
wave” in and of the reacting Drude electron gas in the distant
receiving wire antenna. The
so-called EM force field wave in vacuum has been erroneously defined
as observable matter wiggles, not vacuum virtual energy wiggles and
not as spacetime-curvature changes and wiggles.
So even the present notion of the EM transverse wave in space
is wrong, and it has been corrupted as a pure matter-to-matter
transform from the beginning {
[38]
}.
Somewhat less technical
explanations are given by Lindsay and Margenau {
[39]
}, and a rigorous statement and discussion that EM force
fields exist only in charged matter is given by Aharonov and Bohm {
[40]
}. Feynman of
course said it bluntly: Only
the potential for the field exists in the vacuum, should one place a
unit point charge there to allow the force field to be developed (on,
of, and containing the source charge itself).
Let us summarize this
terrible EM foundations flaw: As classical electrodynamics presently
is modeled, Maxwell and his modern followers only include equations
which are mass-to-mass transformations (Figure 8).
Specifically missing {
[41]
} are two other transforms: (i) the mass-to-vacuum
(mass-to-spacetime) transformation (which obviously is general
relativistic in nature), and (ii) the vacuum-to-mass
(spacetime-to-mass) transformation (again, obviously general
relativistic in nature). (See
again Figure 9).
When these two missing transforms are added back into
electrodynamics, one has suddenly extended EM theory into a new
domain. One has also infolded
general relativity (GR) inside the present EM matter-to-matter
transforms, and also included the vacuum interaction including broken
symmetry in that exchange, but in an electromagnetically engineerable manner. In short, one has a practical, engineerable unified field
theory.
Highly
creative inventors such as Rife and Prioré intuitively developed
apparatuses that unwittingly utilized this presently undeveloped and
extended union of EM, particle physics vacuum theory, and GR.
The intuition of the theorists in interpreting those
revolutionary experiments and their results has very seriously lagged.
The
Supersystem Concept
To understand how extraordinary systems such as Rife's
microscope works, one must understand the concept of the supersystem.
(See Figure 13).
The supersystem consists of three components, which are (1) the
physical system and its dynamics, (2) the local active vacuum and its
dynamics, and (3) the local curvatures of spacetime and their
dynamics. All three
components of the supersystem interact with one another, in nature. The second and third components of the system constitute the
active environment in which the system is embedded, and with which it
interacts.
Unfortunately, in
standard classical electrodynamics either the system's environment is
assumed to be inert, or the system is assumed to be in equilibrium in
its interaction with that environment.
This represents a totally arbitrary assumption that the system
cannot receive and utilize any excess energy from its known active
environment. Hence the active vacuum's interaction with the system can be
and is ignored by classical electromagnetics, as are the local
curvatures of spacetime and their interactions with the system.
Extraordinary EM systems
invariably involve the supersystem dynamics, and not just the system
dynamics. In nature,
no system analysis is complete until the supersystem interactions and
their effects have been determined and analyzed.
The Rife microscope is
indeed an extraordinary system using non-negligible interactions
between the system and the other two components of its supersystem.
Hence in our discussions, we will be examining interactions in
that regime, and not just the standard electrodynamics analysis.
In these discussions, we will be holding in mind not just the
mass-to-mass transforms of standard electrodynamics, but two other
transforms: (1) the mass-to-vacuum/spacetime transform, and (2) the
vacuum/spacetime to matter transform (previously shown in Figure
9).
The reason that Rife's
work has not been understood is that researchers have been unaware of
the necessity for supersystem analysis.
Almost all analyses of Rife's work have been merely standard
classical EM analysis and thus quite insufficient.
There are other examples of the standard electrodynamics model
completely failing to show higher symmetry phenomenology in an
inventor's work, so that his work is not understood even today.
An example is provided by Tesla's patented circuits, as
rigorously demonstrated by Barrett {
[42]
}. Barrett
went on to improve the new functions discovered in Tesla's patents,
and obtained two additional patents related to signals and signal
processing {
[43]
}.
Vacuum-Structurings
as “Engines”: Key Part of the Missing Transforms
The missing
mass-to-vacuum/spacetime transformation produces a massless
structuring of the vacuum medium.
That is a vacuum
engine or “multiplex of specific spacetime curvatures.”
(See Figure 14,
Figure 15,
Figure 16,
Figure 17),
and Figure 18.
Preparing the vacuum engine is accomplished by charged matter
dynamics of the source charges producing the necessary potentials,
fields and waves. The
charges are embedded in continual energetic exchange with the
vacuum/spacetime, and moving the charges affects that exchange; it
perturbs the local vacuum flux and curves the local spacetime
accordingly.
The transform represents
producing this vacuum engine by the vacuum-perturbing action of source
charge dynamics upon the vacuum, and by not
assuming a mystical intercepting point-charge at each point in space {
[44]
}. In the
vacuum/spacetime, only vacuum/spacetime
entities and changes to them exist.
In pure water, only water and changes to that water exist!
So a precise dynamic
structuring of the energetic vacuum (and spacetime geometry) is what
charges produce when they “perturb” the vacuum medium {
[45]
}, by the presence or dynamics of their fields,
longitudinal and time-polarized EM waves, or both.
This "perturbed vacuum dynamics" separate from the
source charges themselves comprises an engine that consists of altered
longitudinal EM wave dynamics inside the internal Whittaker structure
{
[46]
} of the scalar potential of the ambient vacuum.
That is the same as also producing internested levels of
spacetime curvatures in a template
or specific pattern {
[47]
}.
In turn, this vacuum
engine region of local curvatures and structurings in
spacetime will interact upon any mass placed therein.
That action is the missing electrodynamic
vacuum-to-mass transform.
The missing
electrodynamic vacuum-to-mass transformation produces direct changes
and alterations in the “receiving” mass, at all levels, by the
action of such a vacuum engine. As
each action occurs locally in the localized receiving mass, it
produces the "local effect" as the result of that “local
action.” The primary
causative chain (i.e., the set of “dominoes” affecting each other
serially), started back at the distant source charges.
One can say that we therefore have mass-to-mass action
at a distance, via the matter-to-vacuum and vacuum-to-mass
intermediary transforms and the spatial and temporal propagation of
the vacuum engines in the middle of the two {
[48]
}. We will
shortly discuss the Whittaker structuring of the potential as a
fundamental process for producing vacuum engines.
General relativists
mostly concentrate upon the warping and curving of spacetime (i.e.,
producing a vacuum engine) by the very weak gravitational force—which
is only some 10^{-42}
times as strong for electrons as the electric force between them.
Consequently, relativists must look to huge assemblages of
mass, such as in stars and other astronomical objects, for sufficient
gravitationally-induced spacetime curvature to produce easily
observable results. For
that reason, general relativity has resisted laboratory development as
an engineerable applied science.
By using the far stronger EM force as the agent of spacetime
curvature, and including the infolded electrodynamics inside the
potential, field, and wave, general relativity then becomes
engineerable and usable. But
one is engineering the supersystem, not just the system.
The
Infolded Electrodynamics Inside Potentials, Fields, and Waves
As previously stated, in 1903 E. T. Whittaker, a well-known
mathematical physicist, showed that a scalar potential can be
mathematically decomposed into a set of peculiar EM wavepairs in a
harmonic set. (Again see Figure
12) These “hidden
waves” are longitudinal EM waves, arranged in conjugate pairs {
[49]
} with the pairs also arranged in a harmonic set. In each wavepair, there is an ordinary (forward-time)
longitudinal EM wave (outgoing in 3-space from the
interacting/observing charge), coupled to its phase conjugate replica
(time-reversed twin).
And here lies a magic
secret. Prior to
interacting with a charge, the phase conjugate wave in each wavepair
is in the complex domain, which means that in Minkowski space it is
incoming along the fourth axis, ict, where the only variable is
t. Hence this wave
prior to interaction with charge does not even exist in 3-space.
Instead, it exists as a longitudinal EM wave incoming in time,
so that it is a time-like flow of EM energy. (See Figure
19).
After interaction with a charge, the charge absorbs the
incoming time-polarized EM wave, transduces that time-energy to
3-spatial energy, and re-emits the energy as longitudinal EM waves in
3-space in all directions. "In
all directions" means that for every outgoing longitudinal EM
wave emitted in one direction in 3-space, another wave just like it
also emitted in the other direction in 3-space.
So the paired "bidirectional" EM longitudinal EM
waves in 3-space, as interpreted by Whittaker, do exist as the effect
waves caused by the incoming causal time-like longitudinal EM waves
(scalar EM waves). The pairing of the causal time-polarized EM incoming wave
with an outgoing effect longitudinal EM wave was not interpreted by
Whittaker, but does agree with more modern quantum field theory
interpretations of photon polarizations and their observability or non
observability, by Mandl and Shaw {22b}.
We have corrected this
"effect substituted for the cause" wave to reinterpret
Whittaker's 1903 decomposition of the scalar potential, into combined
biwaves where one of the biwaves is incoming in the time domain, and
the other is outgoing in 3-space.
That re-interpretation then allowed a solution {22a} to the
problem of the source charge and its associated fields and potentials,
together with their energy. Every source charge and source dipole continuously emits EM
energy in 3-space, without any 3-spatial EM energy input.
The input is there, but in the time-domain.
This problem—resolved by the present author in 2000—has
been called the most difficult problem in quantum and classical
electromagnetics {30
}.
Because of observed
parity reversal accompanying the time-reversal operation, in his
forward-time, the observer “sees”—after interacting the incoming
wave with charge—the effect of the incoming time-reversed or
phase conjugate wave (entering from the time domain) as a 3-space
longitudinal EM wave leaving in the opposite spatial direction.
So the basic 4-space phase conjugate longitudinal wavepair
would appear to us in forward time as a “regular” time-forward
longitudinal EM wavepair in 3-space, with the two waves going outward
in opposite directions. But
each is accompanied by a time-polarized EM wave, else it would not be
observable.
Further, there is a harmonic series of such bidirectional
longitudinal wavepairs comprising the scalar potential.
So the staid old electrostatic potential (i) is not a
"scalar entity" at all {
[50]
}, (ii) is a bundle of longitudinal wavepairs, (iii)
is an entity with a remarkable internal hidden multiwave
structures and dynamics, (iv) is a composite of very special
waves whose transverse amplitude (i.e., whose spatial energy density,
which is a function of transverse amplitude squared) does not change,
but whose transported time structure changes, and (v) therefore is a
special kind of wave that is velocity modulated about some central
velocity, and is not limited to the speed of light c.
Indeed, in classical electrodynamics in the Coulomb gauge, the
scalar potential is already recognized as having infinite velocity,
merely appearing in space instantly at every point it occupies {
[51]
}.
We also state without elaboration that the active vacuum is identically a very huge scalar potential, as indeed is “spacetime
geometry”. So a
unifying principle is:
vacuum
º
spacetime º
potential º
energy {
[52]
}
Further, as a potential, the “ambient” vacuum
decomposes into an incredibly rich, internal Whittaker wave structure.
So then also must spacetime and energy similarly
decompose. That
decomposition structure is even richer when higher symmetry O(3) EM is
used instead of the lower symmetry U(1) EM employed by Whittaker.
A
revolution in electrodynamics has recently begun, and central to that
revolution is the strong appearance of longitudinal EM waves as
essentially the basis for the emerging new electrodynamics.
Work by Evans {
[53]
}, Barrett {
[54]
}, Ziolkowski {
[55]
}, Evans {
[56]
}, Rodrigues {57}, and others is fundamental in this
respect. One part of this
emerging new electrodynamics is advanced under the label of undistorted
progressive waves (UPWs). A
good summary of UPW theory is given by Rodrigues and Lu{
[57]
}. Even so, to
date this body of work still largely ignores the internal Whittaker
dynamics {
[58]
} inside an EM wave. The
body of work—particularly the higher symmetry O(3) electrodynamics
pioneered by Evans {56} inherently possesses the capability to model
such structuring, since much of it utilizes a higher topology algebra
such as quaternions {
[59]
} or even Clifford algebra {
[60]
} In those
higher algebras, many electrodynamic things can be done outside the
operations permitted by present vector and tensor electrodynamics.
Superpotentials
and Superpotential Theory
Whittaker’s 1904 paper {
[61]
} showed that all the “normal” electrodynamics was
based on, and created by, the interference of scalar potential functions
(i.e., by the interference of those multiwave longitudinal wavepairs
and their dynamics {
[62]
} constituting the interfering scalar potentials.) He showed that any EM field or wave whatsoever can be
replaced by two scalar potential functions—in fact, is comprised
of those two scalar
potential functions and is created
by them. Scalar
potential interferometry already creates all the “normal” EM in
the textbooks anyway, and a proof has been given by Evans et al. {
[63]
}.
The 1904 paper by Whittaker initiated a somewhat obscure branch
of electrodynamics referred to as superpotential
theory {
[64]
}. Whittaker’s
work was further extended and augmented by later scientists such as
Righi {
[65]
}, Debye {
[66]
}, Bromwich {
[67]
}, Nisbet {
[68]
}, McCrea {
[69]
}, etc. But
even with the extended superpotential theory, without the addition of
Whittaker 1903 and the substructuring "internal LW
electrodynamics" one cannot understand the mechanism for what
Rife was actually doing.
Rife
was not using normal potentials and normal E and H
fields—which as we discussed, only apply to observable material
entities anyhow and thus could not be used to “see” far below the
quantum threshold of least detectable material disturbance.
His entire protocol was to get beyond those “material
interception of EM energy” limitations.
Unwittingly, Rife was using vacuum
engines—involving structuring of the active vacuum as well as
pure general relativity (GR) and pure structurings of spacetime
geometry itself. He was
electromagnetically using that part of GR that the GR physicists have
mostly only tried to produce by use of the weak gravitational force.
In GR, the ST geometry
itself is active, dynamic, energetic, and structuring!
In higher symmetry electrodynamics, the ST geometry itself
is powerfully active, dynamic, energetic, and structuring! It is not at all just a "passive spacetime" as
classical electrodynamics assumes {
[70]
}.
Biological
Systems Use the Infolded Whittaker-Type Electrodynamics
The
problem in the Rife microscope is to be able to observe very subtle ST
curvatures and patterns, in an optical manner.
These subtle or virtual "disturbances" of local spacetime are far finer
and smaller than the one-tenth wavelength optical resolution generally
the limit for optical microscopes using conventional optical EM
notions and “material” potentials, fields, and waves.
In short, Rife’s
twofold problem was to (i) function with vacuum engines (internal
structuring of the potentials) so he could penetrate to any degree of
smallness, and (ii) output, in the observable state, exact visible
summations and analogues of the individual structures detected in the
virtual (nonobservable) state {
[71]
}.
To make the subtle
vacuum engines observable on the bench, the ST curvatures and their
internested patterning must be accomplished by making and assembling
local curvatures of ST, via making longitudinal EM wavepairs in
structural pattern assemblies. Spacetime
is in fact just a powerful scalar potential, or can be modeled as
such, and as such Whittaker 1903 and 1904 rigorously applies, along
with extensions from higher symmetry electrodynamics.
By realizing that ST is identically potential, one has altered
one's thinking from the standard GR theory into a correlated EM-GR
theory. One has also
extended GR: Not only is there a “topology” of things that can be
externally done to a base
spacetime, but there is also a hidden, vast EM topology within any overall base spacetime.
So we now have “topologies within topologies.” This is in fact what the Russians have long called the information
content of the field.
However, all living
systems already use this "infolded" bidirectional,
longitudinal wavepair EM in their ongoing living functions {
[72]
}. Just as
they used frequency modulation, EM signals, EM oscillations, etc.
before we even had an electrodynamics or a physics, living systems do
use the infolded EM (and vacuum engines) in all their living
functions, and particularly in their cellular regeneration and restoration (R&R) system {
[73]
}, as contrasted to their immune
system. The immune system
cells are the fighters and the debris scavengers/cleaners.
They go after the hostile invaders, fight them, and usually win—littering
the battlefield with the debris.
Then the immune system scavenger cells clean up the residue.
But many of the body’s cells will have been damaged in the
fight. The immune system itself cannot heal or restore a single
damaged cell, even its own! It is not a healer!
It is a searcher, a marker, a killer, and a residue-cleaner.
It contains " the troops and the combat engineer," so
to speak, but not the hospitals and the doctors.
All healing/restoration of living cells is done by the R&R
system, not by the immune system.
A high-level overview of the immune system is given in Figure 20.
No vaccine, drug, herb, vitamin, or mineral heals
the body, although certainly they can enhance or aid the body's
healing process. Each
does carry its individual resident vacuum engine, and when absorbed by
the cell, this added vacuum engine contributes to the resident vacuum
engine in the cell by summing with it.
To restore the damaged cells back to normal (i.e., to heal),
the R&R system uses a novel kind of extended electrodynamics with
infolded vacuum engines, and it uses a novel kind of optical phase
conjugate pumping, in the time domain rather than just 3-space.
The magic “unified field theory” so long sought by
scientists, has long been utilized by the regeneration and restoration
system of the body in its minute-to-minute and day-to-day healing and
restoring actions.
The magic "universal healing mechanism" so long
evading the discovery of medical scientists is none other than the
exact cellular regenerative mechanism universally used by every living
organism. For the first
time, we are explaining the higher symmetry electromagnetic nature of
this mechanism.
Robert Becker's epochal work {
[74]
} (Figure 21,
Figure 22)
strongly probed the electromagnetic control system directing the body’s
cellular regeneration and repair (R&R) system.
However, he did not have available the infolded Whittaker
electrodynamics. He
could only utilize the grossly inadequate standard electrodynamics. Modern nonlinear phase conjugate optics had not yet been born
when Becker did most of his seminal work.
Since standard EM does not incorporate infolded
GR, vacuum engines, or optical pumping in the time domain, Becker
could not formulate the full technical mechanism of the R&R system
—which uses the supersystem, not just the system.
But Becker did strongly point out the importance of the R&R
system, both theoretically and experimentally.
He found that it operated electrically, with the scalar
potentials being key. He
modeled the R&R system as closely as can be done with classical
U(1) electromagnetics (Figure 22).
He
proved that cells can be dedifferentiated (reversed back to an
earlier, more primitive state) and redifferentiated
(time-forwarded into a more complex state) by weak DC potentials and
laughably weak (picoamperes) of current.
He was twice nominated for a Nobel prize for his epochal work.
His method of electromagnetic healing of otherwise intractable
bone fractures (Figure
21) is utilized today in many hospitals.
In his microscope, Rife
was in pursuit of optically "seeing" the infolded
electrodynamics functioning of the living cells in the most minute
detail—i.e., he wished to see the actual vacuum engines and their
functions. Using the infolded EM, one can still "see" the
cells and all their parts, but one can also go far beyond the
one-tenth wavelength optical discrimination limitation and see into
the virtual state dynamics. In
theory, because the infolded EM is recursive
as a function of wavelength, one can go to any limit in smallness
desired—or at least to whatever limit is determined by the available
technology's development at the time {
[75]
}.
Vlail Kaznacheyev's
novel electromagnetic induction of cellular death, disease, and damage,
at a distance, is instructive in this respect {
[76]
}. (Figure
23)
Indeed, the Russians mastered, extended, and weaponized the
Kaznacheyev mechanisms as disease-inducing weaponry, and slyly used it
at low level on personnel in the U.S. Embassy in Moscow (Figure
24).
This was done to stimulate high level officials in the U.S.
government and U.S. scientific community to see if the U.S. knew of
this "infolded electrodynamics and vacuum engine" technology
{
[77]
}. The Russians were using GR, but by infolded EM means—so
they were using a unified field theory involving higher group symmetry
electrodynamics. The
puzzled U.S. employed only standard U(1) symmetry electrodynamic
analysis {
[78]
}, so it totally missed the entire physics of what was
occurring to cause the health changes and diseases.
In GR, one is very
interested in Wheeler's principle which states (slightly paraphrased):
Mass
(trapped energy) acts upon ST geometry to curve it, and curved ST acts
upon mass to produce forces upon it and move it.
This
statement after Wheeler is the very essence of general relativity.
It simply states that there is a mass-to-spacetime
dynamic transform, and also a spacetime-to-mass
dynamic transform, as we diagrammatically showed in Figure 9.
Understanding
Vacuum Engines and Their Action
Wheeler’s
general relativity principle includes the missing two transforms of
electro-dynamics. We are
extending Wheeler’s principle to the corollary form:
All
levels of the structures of mass (trapped energy structures) and all
levels of the structures of time (the time aspects of photon
structures) act upon ST geometry to structure it in both 3-spatial
energy density structuring and in time domain structuring.
Producing this multilevel spatial and temporal structuring of
spacetime is called “forming a vacuum engine.”
Both 3-spatial energy density structuring of spacetime at all
levels and time structuring of spacetime at all levels, act upon mass
at all levels, to produce internested templates of forces and
translations and stresses.
In short, energy patterns and time patterns in 3-space act
upon spacetime to produce patterned curvatures of ST geometry (vacuum
engines). And conversely,
patterned curvatures of spacetime geometry (vacuum engines) act upon
mass to produce corresponding patterns of forces at all levels in the
mass—down to and including upon the quarks and gluons in the
nucleons in the atomic nuclei. We
note with pleasure that the Sachs unified field theory does apply from
the gluons to the entire universe, as has been shown by Sachs himself
{18b}.
Muscle
and Skeleton Analogy of Interaction of Vacuum Engine and Mass
We call attention again
to our analogy (Figures 15, 16,
17, and 18) of the interaction of a vacuum engine and
mass, provided by the interaction of arm muscles and the skeletal arm
bones to which they are attached.
The arm muscles attach to the arm's skeletal bones, and those
bones are articulated and free to dynamically move.
To the bones, the muscles are mysterious agents (analogous to
vacuum engines) exerting forces upon them, and causing them to move or
hold. To the muscles, the
bones are positioned resisting masses for them to work upon and change
their positions, and the bones exert Newtonian reaction forces back
upon the muscles as the muscles apply forces to the bones. So the vacuum engines (muscles) create forces upon the
resisting masses (bones) to move them, and the masses act back upon
the causative vacuum engines to create antiforces in resistance.
Using
this analogy, when we create a set of vacuum engines, we create a set
of “mysterious muscles” that act directly upon any and all “masses”
(bones) that are exposed to them.
The bones then change and move until the bidirectional
interaction forces are balanced (equal and opposite).
This symmetry between the two missing transforms is shown in Figure
9.
The
Multilevel Structuring of Time is Important
We also add the extension that dynamic structuring in the time
stream also occurs from trapped time domain “time component”
structuring and distribution effects, as well as dynamic structuring
of the spatial energy density of the ST geometry (the vacuum).
We are speaking relativistically
of the interaction of mass and spacetime at any and all levels of a
mass, down to and including the molecules, the atoms, the atomic
nuclei, the nucleons, and even the quarks comprising the nucleons
(comprising the protons and neutrons).
One must first clearly have this vision in mind: The dynamics
of everything ongoing in that mass, down to the most minute particle
dynamics and in the most minute detail (and far into the virtual state
beyond the one-tenth wavelength limitation of light resolution)
consists of the structurings of this "mass-ST curvature"
mutual interaction.
So
we know from general relativity that collections of energy (such as
mass) act directly upon spacetime, its structuring, and its dynamics
at any and all levels, down to the tiniest.
We know that the variations in local spacetime geometry
(including in both energy and time), down to any and all levels and
sizes, down to the tiniest conceivable lengths, act directly upon any
and all exposed mass at that level, no matter how tiny.
There
is no “quantum” limitation nor is there any “wavelength of light”
limitation to this GR process. Total
continuity applies.
Some
Characteristics of Vacuum Engines
The great advantage of a
vacuum engine is that the "action" it produces upon an
exposed mass, arises directly from within each point in the local
spacetime in which the mass is embedded.
One does not have to "start outside" and move through
space and the intervening mass toward the "inside".
Every point within an object occupies every point in time, a
priori. From a single
time-point, the vacuum engine's 3-space action enters everywhere
within the object, all-at-once, and the 3-space effects proceed
outward from each interior point. (See again Figure
19). Therefore even a weak vacuum engine induced by EM forces
can do with ridiculous ease what the most powerful particle
accelerators on Earth cannot do.
The engine is already everywhere "inside" an object
or particle, and working from every point in it, toward an outward
direction. On the other
hand, a particle accelerator is trying to build tremendous velocity of
its particles so that they can "smash" their way in there,
by brute force. To get
ever deeper, the particle accelerator must be made ever larger, so
that a "bigger hammer" is available.
Also, the vacuum engine does not smash or damage any of the
matter in the object, in any fashion not desired.
The particle accelerator, on the other hand, is a great
disruptor and may well destroy or serious change the very object it
"probes".
Further, contrary to the
accelerator's "one shot for one giant amount of energy
input", a vacuum engine—once formed—continually exists in
that locally altered spacetime and is contained in it and is sustained
by it. Hence that locally
altered spacetime—after we pay to alter it once—will continuously
expend energy in the form of the action of that vacuum energy,
forever, upon any mass emplaced in that local spacetime.
The universe itself is furnishing the energy to do the work,
via the instantaneous connection in the time domain.
That "multiply
connected space" entry everywhere within an object
simultaneously, is quite different from "spatial propagation of
energy" through singly-connected space from outside an object to
the object, striking the outside of a mass and being absorbed,
producing a gross translation force upon the mass.
In the “energy propagation through space” case, severe
energy interaction may occur with only the absorbing part of a
macroscopic mass, while the remainder of the mass is little affected
or not at all. To wit,
one does not get the resulting electronuclear
alterations of the nucleus (materialization, dematerialization,
transmutation, etc.) by absorbed propagated “normal” EM radiation. However, with weak EM-induced vacuum engines one can do
things inside the nucleus such as easily flip quarks inside the
nucleons, so that transmutations at very weak spatial energy levels
are readily obtained. This
in fact turned out to be the major secret of the low-energy nuclear
transmutations occurring in some 600 cold fusion experiments worldwide
{
[79]
}.
Electrodynamic
force fields implicitly define primarily only translation effects upon
charges or masses, in their very definitions.
With normal EM, usually one will get reradiation of the
absorbed energy, or partial reradiation of the absorbed energy
accompanied with recoil of the absorbing mass, or no reradiation but
recoil of the mass.
We took the term vacuum
engine from Misner, Thorne, and Wheeler {
[80]
} and also from Nobelist T. D. Lee {
[81]
} who spoke of this sort of thing as vacuum
engineering. The
term is not original with us; only the novel higher symmetry
electrodynamics application of the concept is original.
We call the exact geometrical form of a vacuum engine a template.
We refer to the process of internally structuring a field,
wave, or potential as dimensioning
or activating or conditioning
or charging up the
field, wave, or potential. Russian
superpotential weapon scientists call the infolded structuring itself
the information content of the field. For further discussion of some of these terms and related
concepts, the reader is referred to our website, www.cheniere.org.
Wheeler's
GR principle says that, for every mass with its exact mass structural
dynamics condition, there exists a corresponding exact vacuum engine
template containing precise spacetime curvature structural dynamics,
and interacting back upon the dynamic mass at all levels.
That vacuum engine is said to be resident in the mass and
continuously interacting with it (see again Figure
13 on the supersystem).
Again, the structuring of the vacuum engine has no
limitation in fineness, because spacetime is continuous.
Hence it freely extends from the observable realm on down into
the virtual realm. This
is no more audacious than stating that virtual and observable entities
occupy the same time domain simultaneously. Obviously, if one is using the structuring of time, one
gathers in both those virtual structures and those observable
structures, and also the exact correlation between them.
This is a direct engineering application of an EM hidden
variable theory, somewhat similar to that proposed by David Bohm {
[82]
}.
Applying
Vacuum Engines to Living Cells
Any normal cell already
has a normal template of
overall ST curvature due to its mass and trapped energy structures.
No matter how small, every internal part of that cell has its
own subcomponent template
of subcomponent ST curvatures embedded in that overall cellular ST
curvature. As the cell
functions, the dynamic normal changes of that template into other
related templates, is within the range of what we call "normal,
healthy cellular functioning."
Any abnormal cell has an
abnormal template and
also an abnormal set of "templating" changes. In other words, there exists a precise vacuum engine delta in the abnormal cell, summed to the cell’s
normal vacuum engine.
The sum engine
represents the exact vacuum engine to act on the normal cell and
change it to that precise abnormal condition.
But a template depends upon the energy density structuring of
the local vacuum and also the local time
structuring—which latter is still missing from physics books, but is
implicit in the nature of the photon.
If one produces the necessary energy structuring and density—and
the necessary time structuring and density of local ST geometry—one
produces a certain vacuum engine and one also produce a certain template
of time structuring. Time
{
[83]
} has dynamic template structuring and functioning, just as
does the 3-spatial energy density of ST geometry.
Indeed, the total (virtual and observable) photon interaction
with a mass or particle generates the "flow of that mass or
particle through time" (Figure
25).
But one can make vacuum engines using EM energy and structuring, rather than
with normal gravitational (G) energy and structuring {
[84]
}. The
advantage is that, for electrons, the EM structuring is on the order
of 10^{42} times as strong as the G structuring.
For protons, the EM force is something like 10^{38}
times as strong as the G force. So
by using the much stronger EM force as the “agent of ST curvature,”
one can make vacuum engines that are quite strong at their local
level. These engines will
affect and profoundly change any exposed mass, including cellular mass—in
any fashion desired, given only that one makes the appropriate vacuum
engine. Again, we are simply engineering
practical but ultra-strong general relativity on the laboratory bench,
by electromagnetically engineering Wheeler's principle in an extended
form.
For any physical
cellular deviation from normal—any deviation whatsoever—a
corresponding exact deviation (i.e., an exact delta) exists in the
cell’s otherwise normal vacuum engine template.
This includes deviations in the genetics of the cell and
everything else, not just the chemistry and gross physical structure.
Now if one could produce
the negative (time-reversal) of the sum template of the resident
vacuum engine and amplify
it, one would have a powerful new type of vacuum engine.
(Figure 26)
It would be an exact vacuum anti-engine to act upon that specific diseased or
abnormal condition of the cell and gradually erase the delta and bring
the cell physically back to normal.
The new anti-engine would operate upon all the mass of the
cell, at every level no matter how small.
It would change the cell’s abnormal genetics back to normal
genetics.
One could of course
reverse cellular damage due to aging, and rejuvenate the body.
It is quite doable; all that is needed are the funds,
scientific team, and laboratory facilities to develop it.
It is doable whenever the U.S. medical science community and
the giant pharmaceutical community will allow it to be done.
One could reverse a
cancer cell back to a normal cell, by applying the specific summation
vacuum antiengine for the exact delta between the cancer cell and a
normal cell.
One could reverse an
AIDS cell back to a normal cell with normal genetics, where it no
longer was an "HIV factory".
An AIDS patient could be completely, quickly, and cheaply
cured, the moment he or she tested HIV positive.
There would be no need to wait for the debilitations of the
progressing disease to appear. Not a single HIV-infected cell would be
left in the body, even those resistant strains that have developed
after the original infection.
One could do precisely
the same thing with Ebola infections, and with the “tough” staph
infections that now resist everything and are killing more than 120
thousand Americans in our hospitals every year, with the figures
rising. These
are patients who did not have the disease that killed them, when they
entered the hospital.
With
development of portable treatment units and mass production, one could
treat and heal those millions of mass casualties that could well erupt
in one or more large U.S. city areas—e.g., from an Iraqi-sponsored
terrorist biological warfare (BW) strike, using anthrax {
[85]
). In 1998, we
proposed a crash development of just such portable units {
[86]
}. With the
present world situation, it is not a matter of if
such terrorist BW strikes will be made in the U.S., it is a matter of when {
[87]
}. Since our
1998 proposal, there has now been time to have had those portable
units developed and mass-produced, at a total program cost of perhaps
$100 million. Sadly, no
one apparently had the foggiest notion of what was actually being
proposed, and its vital importance to the survival of the nation.
With a looming war in the MidEast—and with hordes of
terrorist teams with biological warfare agents already infiltrated
into U.S. cities and population centers—this negligence is
particularly of concern at this very moment.
These officially-forecast attacks on our cities by weapons of
mass destruction could now be imminent, if and when the MidEast does
explode into war, which appears imminent.
The
Process Has Been Experimentally Proven
A very similar thing is also what Becker {
[88]
} demonstrated, without considering the vacuum engine
(general relativistic curvature of spacetime) effects.
It is also precisely what Prioré {
[89]
} unwittingly did in France, with a team of renowned French
scientists, to cure terminal cancers, atherosclerosis, lethal
infectious diseases, etc. in laboratory animals under rigorous
scientific protocols. The
team also demonstrated the restoration of suppressed immune systems.
In Germany, Popp {
[90]
} et al. were
also involved in studies dealing with the R&R system, but from a
quantum electrodynamics viewpoint.
We can also consider the vacuum engine from a nonlinear optics
view, and obtain startling extensions of both general relativity and
nonlinear phase conjugate optics.
That in fact is exactly what Prioré did, though he did not
think in those terms. Prioré roughly created a complex set of bidirectional
longitudinal EM wavepairs—i.e., a set of “time domain pump waves.”
So he produced a kind of vacuum engine that itself is a crude anti-engine
generator when used to pump a mass such as a living cell.
Prioré unwittingly used
an extension to nonlinear optical (NLO) phase conjugation before nonlinear phase conjugate optics was even born.
Pumping diseased cells in the Prioré manner causes the
formation of exact "antiengines" for the specific cellular
disease or disorder to be created in the cells themselves.
First, Prioré mixed up
to 17 or so EM transverse waves in a rotating plasma {
[91]
}. Today we
know that such a plasma will transform transverse radiations into
longitudinal radiations, and it will also phase conjugate the input
waves and add their phase conjugate replicas.
In short, it is a procedure for somewhat crudely making a set
of longitudinal bidirectional EM wavepairs, which is required to
produce a scalar potential with a deterministic internal structuring.
In short, it produces a scalar potential with an internal
vacuum engine template.
These infolded
longitudinal biwaves are NLO pump waves of a new kind: They pump the
PCM material in the time domain only.
This kind of pumping is a vacuum
antiengine-making process.
The plasma tube was surrounded by a giant coil, and a pulsed
magnetic field was produced by the coil.
Per Whittaker’s 1904 paper, that pulsed DC magnetic field can
be decomposed into two scalar potentials.
Hence we have three potentials superposing: (1) the potential
function set made by Prioré in his plasma tube, and containing a
selected “vacuum antiengine maker” consisting of bidirectional
pump waves in the time domain, and (2 and 3) the two Whittaker
potential functions comprising the DC pulsed magnetic field of the
coil.
The end result of this superposition/mixing of potentials is
that their “internal structures”—including their vacuum engines—also
diffuse one into the other. Fundamentally,
Prioré produced what to the observer seemed just a pulsed DC magnetic
field, but one in which there was a specific “vacuum engine maker”
of his deliberate creation and “tailoring.”
Originally by trial and error, he adjusted the 17 frequencies
introduced to the plasma, thus varying the frequencies of the “infolded
bidirectional pump waves” produced and infolded into the pulsed DC
magnetic field carrier. In this manner he was “tuning the “vacuum
antiengine-maker” content.
Again,
Russian energetics weapons scientists call those vacuum engine
templates the information
content of the field. They
do not refer to ordinary spectral analysis.
Explaining
the Time-Pumping Vacuum Anti-Engine Maker
Irradiating the cell (with non-ionizing radiation) containing
infolded specific bidirectional longitudinal waves, precisely
corresponds to pumping the cells in the time domain, rather
than pumping them in the “spatial energy distribution” domain.
Because of the shift of the pumping from the 3-space domain to
the time domain, this constitutes a dramatic extension of phase
conjugate optics. Because
of the amplified phase conjugating action of the “vacuum antiengine
maker” upon the vacuum engine in a mass, this also constitutes a
dramatic extension of general relativity and of four-wave mixing
theory. Let us explain
briefly:
When one pumps a nonlinear mass [phase conjugate mirror (PCM)
material] with ordinary “transverse” EM waves {
[92]
} (Figure 27a),
one is pumping (stressing, or “squeezing and relaxing”) the mass
with dynamic oscillating energy distributions in
3-space. One inputs a
similar weak wave (called the “signal” wave) to the mass
simultaneously. In that
case, multiwave mixing theory tells us that the pumping of the
PCM will cause the formation of a fourth EM wave, that is a
time-reversed replica of the input “signal” EM wave.
The time-reversed wave may contain up to all the energy in the
pump waves, so it can be highly amplified in magnitude compared to the
input signal wave. The distortion correction theorem tells us that this
time-reversed replica wave will then appear precisely superposing in
space back along the exact spatial track taken by the input signal
wave {
[93]
}.
When the pumping is shifted to the time domain by pumping with
bidirectional longitudinal
EM waves, we now are pumping the time aspects of the mass—during it
iterative existence as masstime; see again Figure
25—rather than just pumping the spatial energy aspects.
In other words, we are not pumping spatially,
but spatiotemporally.
We are pumping temporally—rhythmically squeezing (compressing) and relaxing
(extending) the “density of the time interactions” producing the
rate of flow of time itself. This
is a totally new extension to nonlinear phase conjugate optics.
In this case, the “signal wave input” to the “time-domain-pumped”
nonlinear mass PCM is just the resident vacuum engine in the local
spacetime in which that PCM mass is embedded (see Figure
27b). The sickened
cell's abnormal vacuum engine—consisting of the sum of the normal
cellular vacuum engine and the disease delta vacuum engine—is
present in the cell and is the input to the time-pumped phase
conjugate mirror (cellular masstime).
The output is the formation of an amplified time-reversed
replica of that vacuum engine. In
other words, an exact, amplified vacuum
antiengine for reversing the precise abnormal condition of the
mass, down to and including even the quarks in the atomic nuclei, is
formed by time-domain (longitudinal EM biwave) pumping.
The result or “output” is that the
entire cellular PCM mass and all its constituent parts are “time-reversed”
back along their previous “track through time”, back to a previous
normal physical state {
[94]
}. Figure
27b illustrates this process.
So when Prioré pumped the abnormal cells, he simply
time-reversed them—genetics and all—right back to their normal
physical state before the abnormality arose.
The beauty of the method is that, by adjusting the input waves
to the rotating plasma, Prioré could “tailor” and “tune” the
pumping waves to what was needed for a particular class of disease.
He used trial and error methods to arrive at the proper
settings for the disease to be treated.
In theory, by the Prioré method one can time reverse any mass
back to an earlier physical state.
This mechanism is used by the cellular control portion of the
body’s regenerative and restorative (R&R) system to restore
damaged cells back to normal. It
is the basis for the body’s ability to heal itself!
Applied
to diseased cells, the method causes the formation of specific
amplified antiengines for the exact specific cellular abnormality, no
matter how complex, and no matter what it is.
In applied
medicine this is a revolutionary new healing and therapeutic modality,
accomplished by novel EM means, and justified by general relativity,
higher symmetry electrodynamics, and longitudinal EM wave pumping in
the time domain rather than classical electrodynamics and transverse
EM wave pumping. Prioré’s
discovery, once understood, may just be the greatest medical discovery
of all time, and the discoveries of Rife and of Becker may rank a
close second. The Prioré
process is shown in Figure 28.
The body's cellular
regeneration system uses this same methodology and process.
A block diagram of the operation of the body's cellular
regeneration system is shown in Figure 29.
Further
Principles Needed for Rife’s Microscope
In
his microscope (Figures
1 and 2), Rife just wanted to observe the templates corresponding to the cells, germs, viruses, etc. and all
their parts, without any smallness limit.
To do that, we need to (1) amplify the tiny, tiny amplitudes
(actually, in the virtual state and subquantal) of the tiny vacuum
engines accompanying tiny spatial locations containing living,
functioning entities (no matter how small), and (2)
"transduce" that amplified result into the optical spectrum,
so that we see a perfect optical analog and thus are
"looking" visually at localized ST regions far smaller than
the one-tenth wavelength optical resolution limit.
We need another
principle to do that. Suppose
that, to first order, we have an isotropic nonlinear medium.
Then if we transmit a sine wave into it, pandemonium sets loose
with our wave. The speed
of each part of the wave in this medium is a function of the location
of that part upon the wave amplitude, so the peaks move faster than
the intermediate parts of the wave of lesser magnitude.
The wave has "peak overtake", breakup, collapse, and
all sorts of things happening to it.
So a simple sine wave is not going to pass smoothly into that
medium and "pass back out" coherently and nicely, and
ordinary light is not going to give stable reflections from that
medium!
However,
if we transmit two sine
waves simultaneously, some frequency interval apart, and then if we pretend
that we actually transmitted their difference
frequency, a very strange thing happens.
The two individual sine waves themselves still break up and go
bananas. However, that
difference frequency acts as if it were a simple sine wave transmitted
into a linear medium! So we
get back out a very nice, smooth, well-behaved sine wave of the difference
frequency, even though terrible things happened to the individual
waves themselves. We can
detect and use that "difference frequency" nicely.
Several very neat sonar systems presently use that sort of
transmission schema in underwater work {
[95]
}. The
principle applies for waves of all frequencies, for all media which
can be approximated as nonlinear isotropic in nature.
As we shall see, it applies to the Rife microscope also.
Rife's
Secret: Recursive Coherent Increase of the Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR)
To first order, without
too much error we can pretend that the molecules and atoms etc. in the
cells and body tissues, together with their finer components, comprise
such an isotropic nonlinear medium.
That's not entirely true, of course, but it does work to an
extent sufficient for our purposes.
Fortunately for the Rife process, the parts that do not
obey this isotropic rule add randomly, while the parts that do
obey the rule add coherently. So
the "signal-to-noise ratio" (SNR) increases with the
increasing amplification, and one "grows" the desired signal
right up out of the noise (SNR) of the parts that do not obey the
isotropic medium assumption. With
sufficient number of amplifier stages, in theory the SNR of even the
tiniest parts can be made as large as desired {
[96]
}.
With optical functioning
as in Rife's microscope, one may substitute "light gathering
power" or "magnification" for the electrical term
"amplifier gain".
As we stated, Whittaker
in 1904 (and superpotential theory thereafter) shows us that—if we
wish—any EM field, wave, and pattern can be represented by two
scalar potentials. Each of these two scalar potentials is further
comprised of bidirectional EM longitudinal waves, in a harmonic
series, in the Whittaker 1903 manner as reinterpreted.
So we can reduce any pattern, field, or wave from any
assemblage of charge sources, into two potentials, and then further
into two sets of bidirectional EM waves interfering with each other.
That process already makes all conventional EM waves, fields, etc.
An EM structuring of the
local vacuum-spacetime occurs by all the electrical charges in the
mass of the living cell, down to and including the virtual charges
exchanged in the nuclear interactions in the nucleus of the atoms.
By Whittaker 1903 and superpotential theory, all of that
structuring itself is a potential with an internal set of
bidirectional harmonic longitudinal EM waves interfering with each
other.
Further this potential is recursively organized, because the
inner bidirectional EM wavepair structuring of the potential is
already recursive, as can be shown by applying Whittaker-1903 and
Whittaker-1904 successively and iteratively {
[97]
}. This means
we get deeper and deeper internested levels of patterns that still
precisely correspond to the operational mechanisms of the lower
levels. It's similar to
an infinitely fractal {
[98]
} type of process.
Because
this conglomerate is recursive as a function of harmonic intervals, it
means that we can pick any harmonic interval we choose in the
"big world" where we observe things, and we can have an
exact observational representation of the dynamics of that ongoing
hidden longitudinal EM wavepair interferometry in the two waves
bounding that harmonic interval.
Of course, the more additional harmonics we add, the better
dynamics we have. The
greater the number of harmonic intervals applied, the greater the
gain. However, these harmonic intervals can be recursively applied
using just one "macroscopic" harmonic interval, iteratively
and serially applied over and over.
The more iterative serial recursive application of one harmonic
interval, the mote the "gain" or "amplification"—in
the case of a microscope, the more the amplification.
That was Rife's real secret, finally revealed.
See Figure 30.
The
Difference Frequency Provides Visible Output
Rife wanted to look at
very, very small things visually,
even though those “small things” were far below the one-tenth
wavelength visible light barrier.
In other words, to understand the Rife microscope’s visual
representation of the virtual state, we need to choose the harmonic
interval of the throughput so as to span the visible spectrum.
Well, for optical purposes, luckily the IR and UV do exactly
that. Examine the
frequencies, and you will see that a harmonic interval exists from a
spot in the IR to a spot in the UV, and of course the interval in
between includes the entire visible spectrum.
The visible spectrum in between, however, represents the
observable noise that would block what we seek to have emerge in that
region in our "Rife microscope", so the presence of the
visible spectrum is highly undesirable.
Various filters can be used to block the visible spectrum while
transmitting the UV and IR regions, or one can just work in the dark
or in suitably dim visible light.
Rife then applied his
iterative multiple "difference frequency" lenses in serial
order, one after the other. While
it is doubtful that he understood the theoretical method being
utilized, he certainly persisted and found how to use it.
This method of iteratively summing a recursive virtual state
vacuum engine "template" results in the formation of an
observable state vacuum engine template.
In short, it magnifies the virtual state entities and dynamics
directly to observable state analogues that capture all the virtual
state entities and their dynamics.
That is why, if we use
special filters on your camera and flash lenses, where the filters are
open in the IR and UV but opaque in the visible spectrum in between,
we can often photograph the ongoing "longitudinal EM hidden
biwave interferometry"—the
subtle energy or vacuum engine functioning—of nature and of
living systems, even displaced in time, as Trevor Constable {
[99]
} and
Joe Gambill {
[100]
} (a researcher friend now deceased) demonstrated, as
George Meek {
[101]
} demonstrated, and as Fogal {
[102]
} has successfully experimented with.
Occasionally when
one gets things just right, one can get pictures of the subtle
invisible reality in the virtual state, going on around oneself and in
one's surroundings. With Rife-like iterative serial amplification,
one can get them all the time, dependably, as with a Fogal
semiconductor specially adapted for such operation.
One can in fact build instruments that indirectly observe the
so-called "unobservable" virtual energy state and its
entities and dynamics with one-to-one correspondence.
That’s a whole new
"subtle physics" reality.
Present physics with its assumed quantum observation
limitations just has not even gone into it—primarily because physics
has been focusing upon the quantized aspects of the photon (which is
quantized in one aspect only—its magnetic vector potential—and not
in its unquantized aspect—its scalar electrical potential!).
Physics has rather ignored the unquantized (and therefore
continuous from the smallest to the largest scale) time aspect of the
photon {
[103]
}. Using the
continuous aspect of the photon, one can assemble photon “time
interval” structures—and in fact one does so whenever one
assembles a 3-spatial energy density structuring such as in ordinary
EM theory. Simultaneously,
one has assembled a “structuring of the time domain” also, because
each photon in the spatial energy density structuring consists of both
time and energy as its canonical components.
All EM fields and waves, being comprised of photons, thus also
carry (1) energy and energy internal structuring, and (2) time and
internal time structuring. Again,
this is the Russian information
content of the field. The
Russians simply understand 4-vector theory and Whittaker 1903 and
1904, and how to combine them with quantum mechanics and general
relativity in a unified field theory.
The above explanation is
why Kaznacheyev's {
[104]
} mitogenetic radiation {
[105]
} from his control (deliberately damaged or infected) cells
would pass through a quartz window and induce the same damage (or
disease) in targeted cells on the other side and otherwise
environmentally shielded, but would not induce the changes through a
normal window glass window. (See
again Figure 23)
Quartz passes the full optical spectrum from IR to UV, while
window glass does not. So
quartz passes the vacuum engines for the disease or damage, while window glass breaks
them up and does not pass them as such.
We stress that the vacuum engines are part of the “continuous”
aspect of the photons, and so are not bound to any limitation on
magnitude (either fineness or largeness) as are the quantized aspects
of the photon.
For such a "far
beyond the one-tenth wavelength" microscope as Rife’s, one must
use vacuum engines (time domain structuring, and longitudinal EM
waves) and extraordinary iterative unified field theory optics, rather
than the ordinary transverse EM waves and ordinary optics.
The lenses must all pass at least one harmonic interval (and
the same one!), to provide and utilize the “difference frequency
band” needed for recursive visual
connection to the subquantal state (the hidden virtual structures in
terms of the continuity aspects of photons).
Successive stages thus "serial iteration" use the
recursive principle to coherently amplify and show the vacuum engines,
their dynamics, and the dynamics of deeper organizations and dynamics
in the virtual state itself. Since
Rife wished to “see” the results in the optical spectrum, then the
two frequencies chosen for “differencing” had to bound the visible
spectrum.
Rife used quartz lenses
or at least very good optical glass that is open from IR to UV. That bounds the visible spectrum with a harmonic interval.
Rife used multiple stages for successive coherent recursive
amplification and increasing the SNR magnitude by coherent
integration. One must
also have some scheme for filtering out (or avoiding) too much visible
spectrum light. One such
scheme is to just use enough stages so that, in the new theory where
the wavelength limitation is bypassed, one has amplified
("resolved") to the depth or fineness desired.
The process long ago removed itself from the "normal
visible light" domain, well before it reached the deeper
resolution limit utilized by the definition state of the new method.
By
using sufficient multiple stages in this fashion, the "tiny"
virtual state vacuum engine templates passing through the IR-UV
harmonic interval in a lens can be recursively summed and magnified
many, many times—essentially without limit, because the phenomenon
being magnified is recursive and bidirectional longitudinal in nature. It is definitely not
normal visible light optics, and it is not conventional
classical electrodynamics.
Rife’s
Recursive “Vacuum Engine” Microscope
The Rife microscope coherently sums (and thus coherently
amplifies) the virtual state vacuum engine patterns with the
increasing number of stages. For
the subtle vacuum engine
templates, such an arrangement becomes a direct amplifier (magnifier),
for amplifying (magnifying) the internested virtual state vacuum
engine templates and their dynamic functioning, into the observable
state. With a properly
designed “vacuum engine” recursive microscope, one can see inside
a molecule, inside the atomic nucleus, and even inside a nucleon,
given development and perfection of the process.
However, at this initial stage of understanding, one can
forecast that finely adjusting the various stages of an early
laboratory prototype would indeed prove to be a tedious and formidable
task, just as Rife reported. With further development, however, that
obstacle can be removed.
What comes out the output end of such a “vacuum engine”
recursive microscope, is a direct visible light analogue of the
much more subtle ST functioning in the microscope’s highly localized
viewing area. This output
imaging is put together "electrically" in ways analogous to
the construction of a video picture on the screen of a TV tube.
Since the result emerges through an output end that still
passes an entire harmonic interval bounding the visible spectrum, the
amplified virtual state recursive template is not destroyed but is
highly amplified and produced as an observable image and dynamics in
the visible spectrum. This
final "interferometry" of two internally
structured potential
functions now produces "visible light" EM fields and waves
and patterns, in accord with Whittaker 1904.
These visible patterns are direct analogues representing
exactly the very, very minute regions far below the one-tenth
wavelength limitation of ordinary optical resolution.
Those regions were the regions “being focused onto” when
Rife so arduously “adjusted” his microscope's multiple stages.
With
Rife’s recursive magnifying microscope process, one can see direct
visible analogs of what is actually far, far smaller than anything
ever before seen in normal optical microscopes, or even in electron
microscopes etc. Indeed,
one can see directly into the virtual state itself, and observe
virtual state structures. While
this is unthinkable in quantum mechanics if one considers only
quantized aspects of light, it is perfectly feasible if one considers
the concomitant unquantized (continuous) aspects of light, and shifts
to general relativity and vacuum engines to utilize the unquantized
structuring of the time domain.
Conclusion
Rife unquestionably found a way to produce visible recursive
amplification and magnification of invisible virtual state dynamics
and functions. We hope we
have shed at least some light on the extraordinary technical
mechanisms involved. This is good conceptual science, consistent with
theory and some known experiments, and it certainly can be made a
rigorous science and technology and mathematically modeled, using
higher symmetry electrodynamics that is part of a unified field theory
such as that of Sachs. The
basis for all of it is in the literature already, but it is scattered
widely in uncorrelated bits and pieces.
It is not in the normal electrodynamics courses, nor is it in
the normal optical science curriculum.
And it is not taught in the normal physics curriculum.
Needless to add, it is absent from the medical curriculum as
well.
As an additional proposal, we tentatively suggest
that this principle also may be the long-sought "hidden
chaos" or "hidden order" in quantum mechanics that is
known to be present, but has not yet been explained {
[106]
}. If so, then
it becomes a new law of physics, with the experimental proof first
demonstrated by Royal Raymond Rife.
With the conceptual technical matrix of Rife’s mechanism in
hand, it should be possible for a proper scientific multi-disciplinary
team to redevelop and extend the Rife microscope.
Marvelous new instruments will emerge, once the quantum physics
conceptual blockage of continuous physics is constrained to its place
as only “one view of the physics reality elephant.”
With the ability to directly “measure”, “observe,” and
engineer the virtual state, a breathtaking expansion of physics will
occur, dramatically extending the vacuum engineering suggested by
Nobelist Lee.
If so, then Rife’s
tragic life will have served its noble purpose, and his intuitive
insight will have been resoundingly verified.
The follow-on results will have untold benefit to science and
to all the human generations to come.
NOTES
AND REFERENCES
[1]
. (a) Some Rife-related
references are: Royal
R. Rife, "The filterable virus of carcinoma," Apr. 26,
1939; — "The Rife Microscopes," Apr. 28, 1939; —
"Bacteria," Apr. 28, 1939; — "History of the
development of a successful treatment for cancer and other viruses,
bacteria, and fungi," Allied Industries, Dec. 1, 1953.
(b) Arthur Isaac Kendall and Royal Raymond Rife,
"Observations on Bacillus Typhosus in its filterable
state," California and Western Medicine, Ca. Med. Assoc.,
Dec. 1931.
(c) Arthur Isaac Kendall, "The filtration of
bacteria," Science, Mar. 18, 1932.
(d) See particularly E. C. Rosenow, “Observations on
filter-passing forms…,” Proc. Staff Meeting of the Mayo
Clinic, July 13, 1932; — “Observations with the Rife
microscope of Filter-passing forms of micro-organisms,” Science,
Vol. 76, Aug. 26, 1932, p. 192-193; — "Microdiplococci in
filtrates of natural and experimental poliomyelitic virus compared
under the electron and light microscopes," Proc. Staff
Meeting of the Mayo Clinic, 17(7), Feb. 18, 1942, p. 99-106; —
"Observations of filter-passing forms of Eberthella Typhi
(Bacillus Typhosus) and of the Streptococcus from
Poliomyelitis," Proc. Staff Mtg. Mayo Clinic 7, July 13,
1932, p. 408-413; — "Transmutations within the
Streptococcus-Pneumonococcus Group," J. Infective Diseases,
Vol. 14, 1941.
(e) R. E. Seidel and M. Elizabeth Winter, “The new
microscopes,” Journal of the Franklin Institute, Feb. 1944,
p. 103-129; — "Filterable bodies seen with the Rife
microscope," Science Supplement, Science, Dec. 11, 1932,
p. 10-11.
(f) "Is a new field about to be opened in the science of
bacteriology?", Editorial, California and Western Medicine, Ca.
Med. Assoc., Dec. 1931; "Powerful microscope makes very
tiny objects visible," Science Newsletter, Vol. 33, Jan.
22, 1938, p. 55; "The Rife microscope or 'facts and their
fate'," Reprint No. 4l7, The Lee Foundation for Nutritional
Research, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, undated.
(g) A good lay overview is given by Christopher Bird, “What
has become of the Rife microscope?”, New Age Journal, Mar.
1976.
(h) See also T. E. Bearden, AIDS: Biological Warfare,
Tesla Book Co., 1988, p. 267-279.
The author gives a short introduction to the Rife microscope
and includes some pictures. The
proposed evanescent
wave explanation proved to be wrong.
Much additional work by the author eventually culminated in
the proposed mechanism presented in the present paper.
[2]
. We have one viewgraph
listing some 32 flaws, errors, and shortcomings of classical
electrodynamics, and there are even more than that.
Additional errors are listed, for example, by important
scientists such as Feynman, Wheeler, Evans, Bunge, Cornille,
Barrett, and others. So
a substantial number of errors in classical U(1) EM theory are well
known to foundations scientists.
We discuss only a minimal few in this paper.
[3]
. Mario Bunge, Foundations
of Physics, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1967, p. 176.
[5]
. M. Faraday, Experimental
Researches in Electricity and Magnetism.
Vol. 1, Taylor and Francis, London, 1839.; Vol. 2, Richard
& John E. Taylor, London, 1844;
Vol. 3, Taylor and Francis, London, 1855.
Reprinted by Dover in 1965.
Also see M. Faraday, "On Static Electrical Inductive
Action," Phil. Mag., 1843; — "Remarks on Static
Induction," Proc. Roy. Inst., Feb. 12, 1858.
[6]
. James Clerk Maxwell,
Preface to the First Edition, A Treatise on Electricity and
Magnetism, third edition, Vol. 1, Dover Publications, New York,
1954, p. viii-ix.
[7]
. J. C. Maxwell,
Preface to the First Edition, A Treatise on Electricity and
Magnetism, third edition, Vol. 1, Dover Publications, New York,
1954, p. viii-ix. Quoting:
“…before I began the study of electricity I resolved to read no
mathematics on the subject till I had first read through Faraday’s
Experimental Researches in Electricity.
…I perceived that his
method was also a mathematical one, though not exhibited in the
conventional form of mathematical symbols.
I also found that these methods were capable of being
expressed in the ordinary mathematical forms….”
[8]
. James Clerk Maxwell, A
Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, Third Edition, Vol. 1,
Dover Publications, NY, 1954, p. 165-166.
[9]
. Else the precessing
electrons in a signal-receiving wire antenna would not precess
laterally. Since their
precession is at right angles to the disturbing force, the
disturbance arriving from the vacuum was a longitudinal disturbance.
This also agrees with Whittaker's 1903 decomposition of the
scalar potential, and Mandl and Shaw's note that the combined scalar
photon and longitudinal photon are observable as the instantaneous
scalar potential, while neither of them is observable individually.
See citations for Whittaker and for Mandl and Shaw elsewhere in
these references.
[10]
. This word “potentiality” (by
Feynman) is given flesh and blood in the present paper.
What actually exists in the vacuum is potential and
structures of potential. Vacuum,
spacetime, and potential are identities.
Hence we may say that the structured vacuum potentials are
indeed structurings of spacetime curvature.
We refer to these as vacuum
engines, which are explained in this paper.
[11]
. Richard P. Feynman, Robert B.
Leighton and Matthew Sands, The Feynman Lectures on Physics,
Addison-Wesley, New York, Vol. II, p. 1-3.
[12]
. This is easily shown.
F º
d/dt(mv), which expands to F = (m)dv/dt + v(dm/dt).
Let the mass m be zero continuously, and both terms on the
right go to zero, hence F = 0.
That is, the force disappears because mass is a component of
force. It is the use in
mechanics of the separate massless force acting on a mass that is
the non sequitur and to blame for this giant error in
electrodynamics as a hold-over from the hoary old mechanics theory.
[13]
. J. D. Jackson, Classical
Electrodynamics, Second Edition, Wiley, 1975, p. 249.
[14]
. Jackson,
ibid. p. 28.
[15]
. Melba Phillips, “Classical
Electrodynamics,” Vol. IV: Principles of Electro-dynamics and
Relativity, in Encyclopedia of Physics, Edited by S.
Flugge, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1962, p. 4.
Quoting: “The utility for electrical problems of a scalar
potential, first introduced in the theory of gravitation, was
pointed out by Simeon Denis Poisson, Bull. Soc. Philomatheique 3,
388(1813). See also Mem. Institut, Pt. 1,
1, Pt. 2, 163 (1811).
The word potential
was introduced by George Green in 1828.”
[16]
. E.g., see W. Misner, K. S.
Thorne, and J. A. Wheeler, Gravitation, W. H. Freeman and
Co., San Francisco, 1973, p. 5.
[17]
. Two methods of dealing with this
problem, and rectifying it, are the use of a topological definition
of the fields in mass-free spacetime, and the use of a unified field
theory where the "field in space" is not a forcefield per
se, but merely a curvature or set of curvatures of spacetime.
As an example, the O(3) electrodynamics largely pioneered by
Evans takes the latter approach, and it is usable in directly
engineering unified field theory effects.
[18]
. (a).
Mendel Sachs, The Field Concept in Contemporary Science,
Charles C. Thomas Publishers, 1973;
(b) — General Relativity and Matter: A Spinor
Field Theory from Fermis to Light-Years (Fundamental Theories of
Physics), Reidel
(now Kluwer), 1982 provides a great generalization of general
relativity and electrodynamics reaching from the quarks and gluons
to the entire universe. See
also
(c) Mendel Sachs, Quantum Mechanics from General
Relativity: An Approximation for a Theory of Inertia, Reidel
(now Kluwer), 1986;
(d) — "Relativistic Implications in Electromagnetic
Field Theory," in T. W. Barrett and D. M. Grimes, eds., Advanced
Electromagnetism, World Scientific, 1995, p. 541-559.
In the latter, Sachs shows that the most general expression
for the field theory is in terms of spinor and quaternion variables,
rather than the vector and tensor variables of the conventional
expression of Maxwell's theory.
This generalized expression leads to extra conservation laws
and invariants, thus increasing the predictive capacity of the
theory.
(e) For a marvelous treatise for the educated layman, see M.
Sachs, Relativity in Our Time: From Physics to Human Relations,
Taylor & Francis, 1993.
[19]
. E.g., see
the several Evans' reviews in Modern Nonlinear Optics,
Second Edition, Edited by M.W. Evans, Wiley, 2002 (in press). Many
other O(3) electrodynamics papers are also carried in this set of
three volumes, as well as in the standard literature.
[20]
. Mendel Sachs, "Relativistic
Implications in Electromagnetic Field Theory," ibid.
[21]
. Without interaction with the
vacuum, mass does not exhibit perfect symmetry.
For a discussion, see T. D. Lee, Particle Physics and
Introduction to Field Theory, Harwood Academic Publishers, New
York, p. 378-389.
[22]
.
In both classical and quantal
electrodynamics, the problem of the source charge and its associated
fields and potentials—and their energy—has been considered to be
the most difficult problem.
(a) For a
solution to that problem, see T. E. Bearden, "Giant Negentropy
from the Common Dipole," Journal of New Energy, 5(1),
Summer 2000, p. 11-23. On
DoE open website http://www.ott.doe.gov/electromagnetic/papersbooks.html
and this author's website www.cheniere.org.
(b) For very
powerful support of that proposed solution, see F. Mandl and G.
Shaw, Quantum Field Theory, Wiley, 1984, Chapter 5.
Neither the time-polarized photon nor the longitudinal photon
is individually observable, yet the combination of the two is
observable as the instantaneous scalar potential.
The Mandl and Shaw combination of a scalar (time-polarized)
photon and a longitudinal photon is explained by Bearden as the
interaction of the causal incoming scalar photon with a charge, the
charge subsequently transducing the absorbed energy from the
time-domain into 3-space, and re-emission of the energy as an
emitted longitudinal photon in 3-space.
The actual interaction provides the coupling, and clarifies
which is the cause and which is the effect.
[23]
. As the electrodynamicists
implicitly assume, by assuming fields and potentials from all
charges in the universe penetrating and existing and superposing and
interfering in each cubic centimeter of space, and in fact at every
point in space. But
then the electrodynamicists continue to utilize a material ether
assumption in their equations, embedded implicitly upon the notion
of an “empty space” filled with this material ether.
Tesla called it “…
one of the most remarkable and inexplicable aberrations of the
scientific mind which has ever been recorded in history.”
(Nikola Tesla, "The True Wireless,” Electrical
Experimenter, May 1919). While
that biting remark certainly did not endear him to struggling
electrical scientists, it did strike uncomfortably close to the
mark, and it still does.
[24]
. J. H. Poynting, "On the
transfer of energy in the electromagnetic field," Phil.
Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond., Vol. 175, Part II, 1885, p. 343-361.
[25]
. Oliver Heaviside,
"Electromagnetic Induction and Its Propagation," The
Electrician, 1885, 1886, 1887, and later.
This is a series of 47 sections, published section by section
in numerous issues of The Electrician during 1885, 1886, and
1887. See also Oliver
Heaviside, "On the Forces, Stresses, and Fluxes of Energy in
the Electromagnetic Field," Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London,
183A, 1893, p. 423-480.
[26]
. By a crude analogy, one may think
of the “virtual” energy of the vacuum as energy that has been
disintegrated into incredibly tiny bits—each so small that the
bits fade in and out of existence at an incredible rate.
The spinning action of the charge may be thought of as
similar to that of an old spinning wheel.
The charge spins, so that it coheres some of the “virtual
fibers” continually fed to it by the vacuum, into “thread-sized”
portions that are emitted radially outward.
So the charge “splatters back” some of the fibers as
fibers, but “spins” the remainder into useful quantum-sized “threads”
which are emitted in observable form.
[27]
. Presently
electrodynamicists are likely to specify the Poynting energy flow S
as
S = E´H. However, in the vacuum (spacetime) neither E nor H
exists as such observed force fields, which requires presence
of charged mass. Only
potentials and potential structuring of the virtual particle flux
exist in the vacuum (which is after all just potential comprised of
virtual particle flux). Those
structurings or their analogues also exist as sets of curved
spacetime regions (i.e., spacetime structurings comprising the
elements of the "vacuum engine"). See E. T. Whittaker,
"On the Partial Differential Equations of Mathematical
Physics," Mathematische Annalen, Vol. 57, 1903, p.
333-355. Whittaker that
any scalar potential decomposes into a multiplicity of longitudinal
bidirectional flows of energy.
This decomposition must also comprise the vacuum scalar
potential, as well as the "spacetime curvature" potential.
[28]
. However,
Whittaker misinterpreted the causal phase conjugate wave
(that half of his phase conjugate wavepair) as the effect
after the wave interacts with charged mass, in which case parity is
broken and the effect wave produced by the interaction is a
longitudinal EM wave going in the opposite direction in 3-space from
its "biwave" 3-space partner.
The correct interpretation is that, prior to interaction, the
phase conjugate wave exists in the fourth axis of Minkowski 4-space,
hence is in the time domain. It is literally a longitudinal EM wave moving on the fourth
axis (in the time domain) to the interacting charge, and the other
Whittaker biwave partner is the effect longitudinal EM wave emitted
in 3-space by the interacting charge after it absorbs the incoming
time-polarized EM wave. We
point out that a longitudinal EM wave along the time axis is a
time-polarized EM wave, corresponding to the known time-polarized
photon in quantum field theory.
[29]
. After publication of my
"Giant Negentropy" paper, I discovered very strong support
for my reinterpretation of Whittaker's 1903 decomposition of the
scalar potential. This
support was by F. Mandl
and G. Shaw, ibid. Mandl
and Shaw give a deeper coverage of the photon polarizations.
They argue that the longitudinal and scalar polarizations
individually are not directly observable, but only in combination,
wherein they manifest as the "instantaneous" Coulomb
(i.e., electrostatic) potential.
Our comment is that this argument, translated from particle
terminology to wave terminology, directly fits my re-interpretation
of Whittaker's 1903 decomposition of the scalar potential.
However, Mandl and Shaw fail to account for their assumed
interaction of the detecting/observing unit point charge to perform
the perfectly correlated "combining", and thus fail to
account for the absorption of the incoming causal
time-polarized wave or photon, the transduction of that excitation
energy of the charge into longitudinal EM wave/photon energy in
3-space, and the subsequent emission of that excitation energy as a
perfectly correlated longitudinal EM wave in 3-space.
Thus Mandl and Shaw missed the time-excitation charging
of the source charge via absorption of the
"coupled" time-polarized EM wave/photon, and the
subsequent decay of the time-charge excited state by emission of a
3-space longitudinal EM wave/photon. This omitted interaction represents the discovery of nature's
giant negentropy mechanism in EM energy flow, whenever 3-space
energy flow symmetry is broken, as with a common dipole.
So Mandl and Shaw do not account for photon (or wave)
polarization transduction, where the "causal"
time-polarized EM wave or photon comes in and is absorbed by the
detecting charge or dipole to energetically excite it in the
time-domain, then the excitation energy is re-emitted as the
longitudinally polarized EM wave or photon in 3-space.
Recognition of these missing functions allowed at last a
solution to the long-vexing problem of the source charge.
We actually solved the problem for a source dipole, then
pointed out that any "isolated" charge is a set of dipoles
when its clustering virtual charges of opposite sign are considered.
[30]
. The source charge problem was
recognized as the most difficult problem in electrodynamics.
E.g., see D. K. Sen, Fields and/or Particles, Academic
Press, London and New York, 1968, p. viii.
Quoting: "The
connection between the field and its source has always been and
still is the most difficult problem in classical and quantum
electrodynamics."
Since our proposed solution is consistent with particle
physics (broken 3-symmetry of the dipole) and with quantum field
theory (combination of the time-polarized and longitudinal photon
comprises the scalar EM potential), it is robust and we believe it
will stand up to meticulous scrutiny.
[31]
. E. T. Whittaker, 1903, ibid.
[32]
. Mandl and Shaw, ibid.
[33]
. Poynting
only assumed that diverged part of the energy flow.
Heaviside, on the other hand, showed that there is a much
larger energy flow component that misses the intercepting charges
(or circuit) altogether, and is wasted.
Since this means that far more EM energy flows from the
terminals of a generator than the external circuit intercepts and
catches, it means that all generators produce more energy flow
output than the textbook states, or that Poynting assumed.
In fact, as transducers
of vacuum energy, all dipolar generators already exhibit
COP>1.0. Since no
one in the 1880s could explain where such an astounding extra energy
flow was coming from, Lorentz originated an integration trick to
discard the nondiverged Heaviside EM energy flow component.
(a) See J. H. Poynting, “On the transfer of energy in the
electromagnetic field,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal
Society of London, Vol. 175, Part II, 1885, p. 343-361.
(b) See Oliver Heaviside, "Electromagnetic Induction and Its
Propagation," The Electrician, 1885, 1886, 1887, and
later—a series of 47 sections, published section by section in
numerous issues of The Electrician during 1885, 1886, and
1887.
(c) See also Oliver Heaviside, "On the Forces, Stresses, and
Fluxes of Energy in the Electromagnetic Field," Phil. Trans.
Roy. Soc. London, 183A, 1893, p. 423-480.
(d) For Lorentz' trick to discard the nondiverged component, see
H. A. Lorentz, Vorlesungen über Theoretische Physik an der
Universität Leiden, Vol. V, Die Maxwellsche Theorie
(1900-1902), Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H., Leipzig,
1931, "Die Energie im elektromagnetischen Feld," p.
179-186. Figure 25 on
p. 185 shows the Lorentz concept of integrating the Poynting vector
around a closed cylindrical surface surrounding a volumetric
element. This is the
procedure which arbitrarily selects only a small component of the
energy flow associated with a circuit—specifically, the small
Poynting component striking the surface charges and being diverged
into the circuit to power it—and then treats that tiny component
as the "entire" Poynting energy flow.
Thereby Lorentz arbitrarily discarded all that extra
Heaviside energy transport component which does not strike the
circuit at all, and is just wasted.
[34]
. In fact, the simple equation W = fq, where W is the diverged/collected energy, q
is the intercepting coulomb, and f
is the reaction cross section of the potential, shows that
electrodynamicists implicitly assume the “true” causal potential
to contain unlimited energy. E.g., using that equation, any desired amount W of energy can
be collected from any nonzero potential f,
no matter how small its intensity, simply by adding sufficient
intercepting/collecting charges.
[35]
. A back-of-the-envelope
calculation for a nominal simple circuit has been made and
previously presented by the present author.
In the nominal circuit used, the source dipole extracts from
the vacuum and sends down the outside of the attached circuit about
10^{13} times as much energy as the circuit itself
intercepts, diverges, and utilizes.
The huge remainder is not intercepted, remains nondivergent
and just passes on out into space at the speed of light.
[36]
. Solving the standard equation E
= F/q for F, one has F = Eq.
Again, from any nonzero E-field, no matter how small,
as much force can be “gathered” and produced as one desires,
merely by increasing the intercepting/collecting charge q.
[37]
. Robert H. Romer, "Heat is
not a noun," American Journal of Physics, 69(2), Feb.
2001, p. 107-109. This is an editorial discussion by the Editor of AJP of the
concept of heat in thermodynamics.
Heat is not a substance, not a thermodynamic function of
state, and should not be used as a noun.
The quotation castigating the standard "field
diagram" of an EM wave in space is from endnote 24, p. 109.
[38]
. This is readily understood when
one realizes that the founders of electromagnetics assumed a
material ether. So to
them, there was not a single point in all the universe where mass
was absent! Hence the
field, potential, and wave "in space" were actually the
field, potential, and wave "in the material ether medium",
and therefore perfectly material.
Even though the Michelson-Morley experiments falsified the
material ether in the 1880s, the electrodynamicists (i) never
changed their classical EM equations which still to this day assume
the material ether filling all space, and (ii) still implicitly
mistake the transverse electron precession wave in the Drude gas in
a receiving antenna as representing the assumed interception of the
incoming "transverse EM wave" in that external material
ether medium.
[39]
. Robert Bruce Lindsay and Henry
Margenau, Foundations of Physics, Dover Publications, New
York, 1963, p. 283-287, and passim.
[40]
. Y. Aharonov and D. Bohm,
"Significance of Electromagnetic Potentials in the Quantum
Theory," Physical Review, Second Series,
115(3), 1959, p. 485-491. However,
Aharonov and Bohm seem to have missed the similar mass
interpretation of the potential, so that they utilized the potential
as massless and therefore the vacuum EM entity that is the primary
cause of all EM phenomena. If
one truly eliminates only the potential’s effect upon the
intercepting charged mass, and utilizes the non-intercepted EM
entity in vacuum, one has arrived at the direct alteration of the
massless spacetime geometry of general relativity.
In short, suddenly one has latched onto a unified field
theory, and one that is engineerable by surprising electromagnetic
means.
[41]
. But erroneously assumed to be
present, because of Maxwell’s ubiquitous use of the material ether
and the continued implied material ether in the electrodynamics
equations to this day.
[42]
. T. W. Barrett, "Tesla's
Nonlinear Oscillator-Shuttle-Circuit (OSC) Theory," Annales
de la Fondation Louis de Broglie, 16(1), 1991, p. 23-41.
Barrett analyzed Tesla's patented circuits in terms of
quaternion electrodynamics, which is of higher symmetry than either
vector or tensor algebra electrodynamics.
Lo and behold, Tesla could shuttle potential energy around in
his circuits at will, and that functioning would not even show up in
a tensor or vector electrodynamic analysis.
[43]
. T. W. Barrett, "Active
Signalling Systems," U.S. Patent No. 5,486,833,
Jan. 23, 1996; — Oscillator-Shuttle-Circuit (OSC) Networks
for Conditioning Energy in Higher-Order Symmetry Algebraic
Topological Forms and RF Phase Conjugation," U.S. Patent No.
5,493,691, Feb. 20, 1996.
[44]
. As the reader can appreciate,
this represents a dramatic change to the foundations of
electrodynamics. It is
closely allied to Sachs's unified field theory; see appropriate
Sachs references in this paper.
[45]
. As Dirac pointed out, the
Michelson-Morley experiments of the 1880s destroyed the material
ether assumed by Faraday and Maxwell and subsequent
electrodynamicists; it did not
destroy the ether per se. Dirac
emphasized that any nonmaterial Lorentz-invariant ether is perfectly
consistent with the Michelson-Morley experiments.
General relativity describes the shaping and structuring of
the vacuum as curvatures of spacetime geometry and clustered
patterns thereof (although the latter part is essentially
neglected). GR consists
of the changes of this spacetime due to the interaction of
mass/trapped energy, and also the forces upon mass/trapped energy
created by the interaction of such curvature-patterns of spacetime.
Essentially, electrodynamics is missing just this “mass to
spacetime” transform and this “spacetime to mass” transform. It is in fact missing its “infolded general relativity”
dynamic internal structuring of the potential, field, and wave.
KGB energetics weapon scientists call these missing
transforms the information
content of the field—which our fellows mistakenly interpret in
their own flawed electrodynamics as “spectral content.”
Nothing could be further from the truth.
[46]
. In 1903 E. T. Whittaker showed
that any scalar potential is comprised of an infinite harmonic
series of bidirectional longitudinal EM waves, arranged in
bidirectional wavepairs. See
E. T. Whittaker, "On the Partial Differential Equations of
Mathematical Physics," Mathematische Annalen, Vol. 57,
1903, p. 333-355.
[47]
. General relativity usually stops
short of including an “infolded” topology within its basic
spacetime, and only applies an “exterior” topology to it.
However, it does not exclude that capability.
Spacetime is just potential identically, and also just vacuum
identically. Since GR
omits the infolding structure of spacetime/potential, and so does
electrodynamics, it has not been possible to unify the two
completely. The “bridge”
across the chasm between them has been eliminated by both
disciplines.
[48]
. With finite propagation, this
action-at-a-distance is retarded so that some time passes between
the effect and the cause. Each
Mandl-Shaw photon interaction—the receipt of the scalar
(time-polarized) photon, and emission of 3-space longitudinal photon—is
retarded by (requires) the amount of time that is transformed into
3-space energy. [Time
may be regarded as 3-space electromagnetic energy compressed by the
factor c^{2}, with the compressed energy
placed on the fourth Minkowski axis to appear as time
(seconds), rather than being left in 3-space to appear as mass).
Transformation from time-domain EM energy to 3-space energy
is a function of the spin of the charge, which "spins" 720
degrees, being 360 degrees in the time domain while absorbing the
time-polarized EM photon energy, the being followed by 360 degrees
in 3-space while it is emitting the 3-space longitudinal photon.
This retardation due to transformation of the energy from the
time domain to the 3-space domain is what limits the speed of light
in the ambient vacuum to the finite velocity c.
However, when infinite velocity propagation occurs (as is
permissible with longitudinal EM waves alone, which a priori implies
no retardation), then the notion vanishes of a “cause” and an
“effect” separated by a time interval. In that case, one is operating in a multiply-connected
spacetime, where in theory there is no observable “length” or
“time” between the “cause” event and the “effect” event.
Further, one “causative” initiation point can be
superposed simultaneously with multiple distant points widely
separated in ordinary spacetime.
In that case, putting a joule of energy into the “initiating
cause” point (to the normal 3-space observer) results in the
simultaneous appearance at each and every distant participating
point, of one joule. To
the normal "singly-connected spacetime" observer, this is
a direct amplification of energy, directly from the vacuum energy
itself. We have proposed this mechanism as an extension of Bohm’s
quantum potential utilized in his hidden variable theory of quantum
mechanics. See David
Bohm, "A Suggested Interpretation of the Quantum Theory in
Terms of 'Hidden' Variables, I and II," Physical Review,
85(2), Jan. 15, 1952, p. 166-179 (Part I); 180-193 (Part II).
Unfortunately three nations of the world have already seen
fit to highly weaponize this effect, and a fourth nation is very
close to deploying such a weapon.
Presently quantum potential weapons are the dominant weapons
on earth, and nothing can stand against them.
[49]
. By conjugate pair, we mean that
the wavepair consists of an EM longitudinal wave and its
time-reversed twin, precisely superposed spatially but antiphased in
time. In such a wave,
the transverse energy density amplitude cannot vary; instead, the
wave consists of (and carries) an oscillation of the rate of flow of
time, about some median speed.
The median speed of a longitudinal EM wave is not confined to
the speed of light in vacuum.
[50]
. The value of the energy
continuously collected from a steady potential, in a “swirl”
around a fixed intercepting charge, is of course a fixed scalar.
That, however, has nothing to do with the nature of the
potential as an EM entity in massless vacuum, prior to interaction
with charged mass.
[51]
. J. D. Jackson, Classical
Electrodynamics, Second Edition, Wiley, 1975, p. 223.
[52]
. Interestingly,
one also cannot produce a clear definition of energy
in physics. A good
discussion of the energy concept is given by R. B. Lindsay,
"The concept of energy and its early historical
development." Foundations of Physics, 1(4), 1971, p. 383-393.
Lindsay investigates the concept of energy from its early
historical origin, and covers from ancient times through the 18th
century. The root of
the concept is the notion of invariance in the midst of change. In short, the concept consists of considering “the changing”
as being “nonchanging.” In
pursuing a rigorous definition of anything, one eventually arrives
at a contradiction of Aristotelian logic.
Ultimately one can only define something as identical to its
own opposite. Geometry,
e.g., models the presence of mass as the absence of mass.
Ultimately a “hard definition” is an “accursed
necessity for the identity of opposites”—the centuries-old bane
of the philosophers. In
physics the problem is avoided by the “duality principle”—just
treat an entity as either a particle or wave as necessary, and quit
arguing about it! The
problem is the incompleteness of Aristotelian logic itself.
A solution to the “identity of opposites” problem is
obtained by explicitly adding a fourth law of logic that has always
been implicitly assumed in Aristotle’s three laws.
For a discussion, see “A Conditional Criterion For
Identity, Leading to a Fourth Law of Logic,” Appendix III to T. E.
Bearden, Aids: Biological Warfare, Tesla Book Co., 1988, p.
428-443. A simple proof
of the fourth law of logic is given in ibid., p. 439-440.
[53]
.
In addition to reference 19, see Myron W. Evans, Enigmatic
Photon, Vol. II, Kluwer, ISBN 0792332881.
See also Apeiron, 4(2-3), Apr.-Jul. 1997, a Special B^{(3)}
Field Issue, Guest editor: Myron W. Evans.
In this same issue, see the Introduction by Evans, and also
his “Helicity and the Electromagnetic Field.”
In the same issue, see also Jean-Pierre Vigier, “Relativistic
Interpretation (with Non-Zero Photon Mass) of the Small Ether Drift
Velocity Detected by Michelson, Morley, and Miller."
Barrett has also rigorously shown the reality of the B^{(3)}
field, and so the conventional closure against it is doomed to
failure. The emergence of B^{(3)} field theory will
dramatically alter electrodynamics, and elevate the importance of
the longitudinal EM wave. We
are also much indebted to Bob Flowers for his penetrating
elucidation of the background of the B^{(3)} field in
private communications, and to Myron Evans for his patient and
encouraging private communications.
[54]
. See particularly T. W. Barrett,
"Sagnac Effect: A Consequence of Conservation of Action Due to
Gauge Field Global Conformal Invariance in a Multiply-Joined
Topology of Coherent Fields," in T. W. Barrett and D. M Grimes,
[Eds.], Advanced Electromagnetism: Foundations, Theory, &
Applications. World
Scientific, River Edge, New Jersey, 07661, 1995, p. 278-313; T. W.
Barrett, "Electromagnetic Phenomena Not Explained by Maxwell's
Equations," in A. Lakhtakia, (ed.): Essays on the Formal
Aspects of Electromagnetic Theory, World Scientific Publishing,
River Edge, NJ, 1993, p. 6-86.
[55]
. Richard W. Ziolkowski,
"Exact Solutions of the Wave Equation With Complex Source
Locations," Journal of Mathematical Physics, 26(4),
April 1985, p. 861-863; I.M. Besieris, A.M. Shaarawi, and R. W.
Ziolkowski, "A bidirectional travelling plane wave
representation of exact solutions of the scalar wave equation,"
Journal of Mathematical Physics, 30(6), 1989, p. 1254-1269;
Rod Donnelly and Richard Ziolkowski, "A method for constructing
solutions of homogeneous partial differential equations: localized
waves," Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
A., Vol. 437, 1992, p. 673-692; — "Electromagnetic
field generated by a moving point charge: A fields-only
approach," American Journal of Physics, 62(10), Oct.
1994, p. 916-922.
[56]
. M. W. Evans, editor, Modern
Nonlinear Optics, Wiley, 2002, 3 volumes (in press).
[57]
. W. A. Rodrigues Jr. and J.-Y. Lu,
“On the existence of undistorted progressive waves (UPWs) of
arbitrary speeds 0 £ v <¥
in nature,” Foundations of Physics, 27(3), 1997, p.
435-508; W. A. Rodrigues Jr. and J. E. Maiorino, “A unified theory
for construction of arbitrary speeds (0 £ v £
¥) solutions of the relativistic wave
equations,” Random Operators and Stochastic Equations, Vol.
4, 1996, p. 355-400.
[58]
. E. T. Whittaker, 1903, ibid.
[59]
. Ironically,
Maxwell’s actual theory was some 20 quaternion-like equations in
20 unknowns, as given in "A Dynamical Theory of the
Electromagnetic Field," Royal Society Transactions, Vol.
CLV, 1865, p 459. Read
Dec. 8, 1864. Also
contained in The
Scientific Papers of James Clerk Maxwell, 2 vols. bound as one,
edited by W. D. Niven, Dover, New York, 1952, Vol. 1, p. 526-597.
Heaviside dramatically curtailed Maxwell’s theory to a vector
subset of some 4 equations in 4 unknowns. Lorentz further curtailed it by effectively throwing out all
Maxwell-Heaviside systems that were in disequilibrium with their
active vacuum and curved spacetime environments.
So after over a century, the long slumbering environmental
dynamics for electrodynamical systems is awakening and chasing its
own roots again. Long
live the rise of the supersystem!
[60]
. E.g., see J. Vaz Jr. and W. A.
Rodrigues Jr., “Maxwell and Dirac Theories as an Already Unified
Theory,” Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras, Vol. 7 (S),
1997, p. 369-386. See W. A. Rodrigues, Jr. and J. Vaz Jr., “Subluminal
and Superluminal Solutions in Vacuum of the Maxwell Equations and
the Massless Dirac Equation,” Advances in Applied Clifford
Algebras, Vol. 7(S), 1997, p. 457-466.
[61]
. E. T. Whittaker, 1904, ibid.
[62]
. We strongly stress that
longitudinal EM waves and their dynamics, so ignored in all except
the most advanced higher symmetry electrodynamics texts, are
actually the key to everything.
Longitudinal EM waves already comprise,
create, and structure the feeble “envelope EM waves” we
presently deal with. A
longitudinal EM wave is also an electrogravitational wave, and
oscillates the rate of flow of time itself because of its
combination with a time-polarized wave.
The two combined photons have a total spin two, which is a
graviton. Thus
internally a graviton is revealed as a particular dynamic between
time-domain EM energy and 3-space EM energy.
The longitudinal EM wave in the time domain (that is
combining with the longitudinal EM wave in 3-space) is thus an
oscillation of time contraction and expansion, or
"pulsation" in the rate of flow of time.
Very powerful gravitational effects as well as very powerful
and unique electrodynamics effects can be obtained by use of
longitudinal EM waves, because of the additional dynamics between
the time and 3-space domains. Unwitting
use of such extraordinary EM waves is how Rife and Prioré achieved
such remarkable results.
[63]
. M. W. Evans, P. K. Anastasovski,
T. E. Bearden et al., "On Whittaker's Representation of the
Electromagnetic Entity in Vacuo, Part V: The Production of
Transverse Fields and Energy by Scalar Interferometry," Journal
of New Energy, 4(3), Special Issue, Winter 1999, p. 76-78.
[64]
. Melba Phillips, “Classical
Electrodynamics,” Vol. IV: Principles of Electrodynamics and
Relativity, in Encyclopedia of Physics, Edited by S.
Flugge, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1962, p. 1-108 gives a good overall
summary of the superpotential theory.
[65]
. A. Righi, Nuovo Cimento,
Vol. 2, No. 5, 1901, p. 104.
[66]
. P. Debye, Ann. Phys., Leipzig,
Vol. 30, 1909, p. 57.
[67]
. Thomas John I'Anson Bromwich, An
Introduction to the Theory
of Infinite Series, MacMillan, London, 1908.
[68]
. A. Nisbet, Physica, Vol.
21, 1955, p. 799; Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. A, Vol. 231,
1955, p. 250.
[69]
. W. H. McCrea, “Hertzian
electromagnetic potentials,” Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. A,
Vol. 240, 1957, p. 447-457.
[70]
. Sachs has achieved the necessary
unified field theory, broadly unifying physics from the quarks and
gluons to the entire universe, and including both the active vacuum
and active, locally curved spacetime. See Mendel Sachs, General
Relativity and Matter: A Spinor Field Theory from Fermis to
Light-Years (Fundamental Theories of Physics),
Reidel (now Kluwer), 1982; — Quantum Mechanics from
General Relativity: An Approximation for a Theory of Inertia,
Reidel (now Kluwer), 1986. It
should be obvious that, unless electrodynamics theory and general
relativity theory utilize the same background spacetime, it is
impossible to completely merge them, from first principles.
Since classical electrodynamics artificially discards its
active environment, it is electrodynamics which must be changed in
order to be successfully united with general relativity.
Sachs has accomplished this long-sought engineerable
unification.
[71]
. Proof that the virtual state can
be coherently integrated is already furnished by every source charge
in the universe, which does precisely that.
[72]
. We note without elaboration that
all the mind functions, even of the deepest and most unconscious
nature, and even of collective species unconsciousness domains—exist
electromagnetically in the infolded EM domain.
The “conscious mind” is a serial processor, though
extremely rapid. The
unconscious is a massively parallel processor.
The reason the conscious mind cannot “directly see” the
unconscious is that “seeing” innumerable things in the “single
snapshot” at once, just obliterates all singular discrimination
because of the intense summation.
Mind functions are timelike, so consist of specialized
structures, functioning, and dynamics inside the time domain.
Since the infolded structuring captures this entire domain,
it also involves a physics of mind and matter interaction, but as a
science instead of as a mysticism.
In theory vacuum engines are also possible that engineer the
mind at any and all levels. We
have addressed this extended physics of mind and matter reactions
elsewhere and do not address it here. The Russian weapon scientists
refer to this mind area (which can also be engineered by novel
electrodynamic means) as psychoenergetics.
[73]
. R. O. Becker and David G. Murray, "The electrical control system regulating fracture
healing in amphibians," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related
Research, Vol. unk, No. 73, Nov.-Dec. 1970, p. 169-198.
This is the definitive technical exposition by Becker of his
electrical findings about the cellular control system.
[74]
. See particularly Robert O.
Becker, “The direct current control system.
A link between environment and organism,” New York State
Journal of Medicine, Vol. 62, 1962, p. 1169-1176; — and Joseph
A. Spadaro, "Electrical stimulation of partial limb
regeneration in mammals," Bulletin of the New York Academy
of Medicine, Second Series, 48(4), May 1972, p. 627-641; — and
Carlton F. Hazlewood, Abraham R. Liboff, and Jan Walleczek, Electromagnetic
Applications In Medicine," NIH-OAM Electromagnetics Panel
Report, Jan. 15, 1993; — "A technique for producing
regenerative healing in humans," Frontier Perspectives,
1(2), Fall/Winter 1990, p. 1-2; — and Andrew A. Marino. Electromagnetism
and Life, State
University of New York Press, Albany, NY, 1982; — and Gary Selden,
The Body Electric, William Morrow and Company, New York,
1985; — Cross Currents, Jeremy P. Tarcher, Inc., Los
Angeles, 1990; — "The bioelectric field pattern in the
salamander and its stimulation by an electronic analog," IRE
Transactions on Medical Electronics, Vol. ME-7, July 1960, p.
202-207; — "Some observations indicating the possibility of
longitudinal charge-carrier flow in peripheral nerves," Biological
Prototypes and Synthetic Systems, Plenum Press, New York, 1962,
p. 31-37; — and W. Slaughter, "The longitudinal direct
current gradients of spinal nerves," Nature, Vol. 196,
Nov. 17, 1962, p. 675-676; — and Charles H. Bachman and Howard
Friedman, The direct current (control) system:
A link between the environment and the organism," New
York State Journal of Medicine, Vol. 62, April 15, 1962, p.
1169-1176; — "The direct current field: A primitive control
and communication system related to growth processes," Proceedings
of the. XVI International. Congress of Zoology, Washington,
D.C., Vol. 3, 1963, p. 179-183; — "The neutral semiconduction
control system and its interaction with applied electrical current
and magnetic fields," Proc.
11th International. Cong. Radiol., Amsterdam, Excerpta Medica
Foundation, 1966, Series 105, p, 1753-1759; — "The
bioelectric factors in amphibian limb regeneration," The
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Vol. 43-A, No. 5, July 1961,
p. 643-656; — and David G. Murray, "A method for producing
cellular dedifferentiation by means of very small electrical
currents," Transactions, New York Academy of Sciences,
29(5), Mar. 1967, p. 606-615.
[75]
. The ultimate tool for use in
seeing and working with this "infolded" or "internal
electrodynamics inside normal EM fields, waves, and potentials will
probably be the Fogal semiconductor when it goes into production in
the near future. Fogal's
transistors are capable of (1) infolding the desired longitudinal EM
waves inside normal EM signals (he demonstrates infolding TV signals
inside pure DC potentials, and transmitting them over conductors as
pure DC potentials for appreciable distance, then using his
semiconductors to again extract the "infolded" hidden TV
signals.
[76]
. See Vlail Kaznacheyev,
"Electromagnetic Bioinformation in Intercellular
Interactions," Psi Research, 1(1), Mar. 1982, p. 47-76;
— et al., "Distant
intercellular interactions in a system of two tissue cultures,"
Psychoenergetic Systems, 1(3), Mar. 1976, p. 141-142; "A
Comment" by William A. McGarey, p. 143; "A Comment"
by Arthur C. Hastings, p. 143-144, — et
al., "Apparent information transfer between two groups of
cells," Psychoenergetic Systems, 1(1), Dec. 1974.
See particularly Vlail P. Kaznacheyev and L. P. Mikhailova,
Ultraweak Radiations in Intercellular Interactions [in Russian],
Novosibirsk, 1981; "Electromagnetic Bioinformation in
Intercellular Interactions," Novosibirsk, 1981 [in Russian]; V.
P. Kaznacheyev, "Information Function of Ultraweak Light flows
in Biological Systems," Problems in Biophysics,
Novosibirsk, 1967, p. 7-18 [in Russian].
[77]
. Some years ago we documented this
disease-inducing "microwave radiation of the U.S. Embassy,
explained its purpose and operational mechanism, and published it.
E.g., see T. E. Bearden, AIDS: Biological Warfare, Tesla Book
Co., Chula Vista, CA, 1988.
[78]
. See Robert C. Mallieu, A Model
of the Microwave Intensity Distribution Within the U.S. Embassy,
Moscow 1966-1967, Report FS-80-166, Applied Physics Laboratory,
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, Aug. 1980. Also see Microwave
Radiation at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow and Its Biological
Implications: An Assessment, U.S. Department of Commerce, Doc. #
NTIA-SP081-12, Mar. 1981. Also
see Captain John D. LaMothe, Controlled Offensive Behavior—USSR,
Report ST-CS-01-169-72, Defense Intelligence Agency, Washington,
D.C. (released under FOIA). See
also Captain John D. LaMothe and Mr. Louis Maire, Soviet and
Czechoslovakian Parapsychology Research, Report
DST-1810S-387-75, Defense Intelligence Agency, Washington, D.C.
(Released under FOIA).
[79]
. T. E. Bearden, "EM
Corrections Enabling a Practical Unified Field Theory with Emphasis
on Time-Charging Interactions of Longitudinal EM Waves," Journal
of New Energy, 3(2/3), 1998, p. 12-28.
A slightly updated and extended version is published in Explore,
8(6), 1998, p. 7-16.
[80]
. C. W. Misner, K. S. Thorne and J.
A. Wheeler, Gravitation, W.H. Freeman and Co., San Francisco,
1973, p. 5, 19-21, 71-72, 163-165, 390-391, 399; 367-369.
[81]
. T. D. Lee, Particle Physics
and Introduction to Field Theory, Harwood, New York, 1981.
See particularly Chapter 25: Outlook, "Possibility of
Vacuum Engineering," p. 824-828.
[82]
. David J. Bohm, "A Suggested
Interpretation of the Quantum Theory in Terms of 'Hidden' Variables,
I and II," Physical Review, 85(2), Jan. 15, 1952, p.
166-179 (Part I); 180-193 (Part II).
[83]
. I.e., the rate of flow of time,
or more specifically, the rate of the EM interactions with a mass or
particle that generate the flow of the mass or particle through
time. See Figure
25. Nobelist Lee
has also shown that time is a discrete dynamical variable across all
of physics, from quantum mechanics to nonrelativistic field theory,
to relativistic quantum field theory.
See T. D. Lee, "Can Time Be a Discrete Dynamical
Variable?", Physics Letters, 122B(3, 4), Mar. 10, 1983,
p. 217-220. Also in T.
D. Lee, Selected Papers, Gerald Feinberg, Ed., Birkhauser,
Boston, 1986, Vol. 3, p. 77-80.
So we have not hesitated
to consider time as any other variable, and the fourth
Minkowski axis as any of the other three axes with respect to
EM energy, fields, potentials, and waves.
[84]
. Indeed, there is no such unique
thing as “the gravitational field” anyway!
The gravitational field is a conglomerate of other field
energies and functions, not a separate field of nature.
See A. A. Logunov and Yu. M. Loskutov, "Nonuniqueness of
the predictions of the general theory of relativity," Sov.
J. Part. Nucl., 18(3), May-June 1987, p. 179.
See C. W. Misner, K. S. Thorne and J. A. Wheeler, Gravitation,
W.H. Freeman and Co., San Francisco, 1973, p. 399.
Quoting: "The terms 'gravitational field' and 'gravity' refer in a vague,
collective sort of way to all of these entities. Another, equivalent term for them is the 'geometry of
spacetime’.“ See
also A. D. Sakharov, "Vacuum Quantum Fluctuations in Curved
Space and the Theory of Gravitation," Soviet Physics Doklady,
Vol. 12, No. 11, 1968, p. 1040-1041 [English translation.].
Finally, see our remarks under reference 62 above,
particularly with respect to the proposed internal electromagnetic
dynamics of the graviton.
[85]
. A 1993 study by the Office of
Technology Assessment, delivered to Congress, showed that a single
terrorist in a small plane, with a tank of anthrax spray, and
dispersing the spray as he flew around the greater Washington D.C.
area on a calm night, would produce between 1 and 3 million
casualties. Most of
those casualties would die. So
a single biological warfare (BW) strike in one U.S. metropolitan
area could easily kill two million Americans.
As an example, Saddam Hussein is known to have the terrorist
teams and the anthrax, and he has had a decade since the Gulf war to
insert additional teams and biological warfare agents into the U.S.
Presently this is rated by our government as the strongest
strategic threat to the U.S., after which comes nuclear strikes,
followed by chemical agent strikes.
Redevelopment of the Prioré approach, e.g., could easily
save the lives of 90% of that nominal two million dead Americans.
As matters stand now, triage would apply and almost all of
those two million stricken Americans would die.
[86]
. In 1998 we proposed a crash
development of this kind of device in 1998, with copies to DoD, NIH,
CDC, the USAF, etc.; in T. E. Bearden, Energetics: Extensions to
Physics and Advanced Technology for Medical and Military
Applications, CTEC Proprietary, May 1, 1998, 200+ page inclosure
to CTEC Letter, “Saving the Lives of Mass BW Casualties from
Terrorist BW Strikes on U.S. Population Centers,” to Major General
Thomas H. Neary, Director of Nuclear and Counterproliferation,
Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, Air and Space Operations, HQ
USAF, May. 4, 1998. Also
to Gen. (Ret.) Walter Busby, Deputy Secretary of Defense for
Counterproliferation and Chemical and Biological Defense, March 21,
1998. Also to NIH, CDC,
and several other U.S. government agencies.
DoD replied that it was not documented in the literature (a
specific list of exact scientific papers reporting the results of
the Prioré team's experiments and the experiments of Becker was
included; no one seemed to read it). CDC and the USAF did not reply.
NIH first responded (from its Policy section—read, spin
control section) that, since I mentioned the cause of the Gulf
War Disease and how it was induced, it was not a matter of their
interest but of DoD's interest, and so they just shipped it to DoD
and got rid of it. A second response evoked from NIH on query from
my congressman (again, a response from their policy section)
directed me to their proposals section. I don't believe a single qualified scientist even read it.
DoD weakly replied that it was not documented in the
literature (a specific list of citations from the hard French
scientific literature, reporting the astounding results of the
Prioré treatments, was included, which apparently no one read).
Not a single scientist from any agency called me to discuss
the revolutionary and proven results obtained by Prioré, and
documented in the attachments and in the cited literature.
Sadly, it seems that no one had the foggiest notion what I
was talking about, and no one much cared.
My conclusion was and is that my own government bureaucrats
do not give a tinker's dam about saving millions of American
casualties in the coming debacle, if it has to be done by
"out-of-the-box" methods not approved by the big drug
industry. Yet these
are the same officials that readily admit the exact threat I
referred to, admit that it is a matter of when the biological
warfare attacks will occur and not if, and admit that right
now they have no effective way to cope with it or save most of those
coming millions of Americans that are going to just be dragged aside
to die.
My response is that the American taxpayers are certainly not
getting their money's worth from the billions they shower on our
medical research community. It
is unconscionable to ignore for over 30 years the demonstrated and
astounding results achieved by eminent French scientists—such as
Pautrizel, a world-renowned parasitologist and Courier, head of the
French Academy's Biological Section, and also Secretaire
Perpetuel of the Academy) working with the Prioré team, in
curing terminal tumors etc. in thousands of lab animals, all
properly documented in the hard French scientific literature.
In my view, considering the certainty of those future
American mass deaths, it is akin to high treason.
Whether our scientific community realizes it or not, today's
strategic war of massive strategic strikes has shifted to our
civilian populace, and to our cities and mass population centers.
It is our civilian populace that will sustain the greatest
and most prompt casualties, and probably will receive the first
massive strikes, totally by surprise.
The first phase of WW III—delivery of the strategic
weapons to their strategic targets—has already been accomplished.
Large Russian nuclear weapons are already hidden in our major
cities and population centers (read Lunev's book, he tells us how
they brought in these weapons), the Spetznaz teams are here to
detonate them on call, multiple nations such as Iraq, Libya, and
Iran already have terrorists agents in country in the U.S. with
anthrax and smallpox in hand to be released, and Castro guerrillas
and trained saboteurs have been trained in Southern Mexico and
infiltrated across the border into the U.S. for decades.
Whether they like it or not, U.S. scientists have thus become
the major front line "soldiers" and "defenders"
of our nation. And
frankly, they have failed abominably in their responsibility, and
most do not seem to care. For
a startling and even shocking characterization of our present
scientific community, the reader is referred to Daniel S. Greenberg,
Science, Money, and Politics: Political Triumph and Ethical
Erosion, University of Chicago Press, 2001.
[87]
. As we stated, just such an attack
is now officially the greatest strategic threat to the United
States. Second is a nuclear attack, followed by chemical attack as a
distant third. E.g.,
see Richard K. Betts, “The New Threat of Mass Destruction,” Foreign
Affairs, 77(1), Jan./Feb. 1998, p. 26-41.
For the ineffectiveness of our defenses against the coming
mass biological warfare strikes, see Laurie Garrett, The Coming
Plague: Newly Emerging Diseases in a World Out of Balance,
Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York, 1994; — "The Nightmare
of Bioterrorism," Foreign Affairs, 80(1), Jan./Feb.
2001, p. 76-89; — Betrayal of Trust: The Collapse of Global
Health, Hyperion, New York, 2000.
[89]
. A full account of the entire
Prioré affair is given in Jean-Michel Graille, Dossier Prioré:
Une Nouvelle Affaire Pasteur [The Prioré Dossier: A New
Pasteur Affair?], De Noel, Paris, 1984.
[in French]. A summary account is given by Christopher Bird, "The
Case of Antoine Prioré and His Therapeutic Machine: A Scandal in
the Politics of Science," Appendix I in T.E. Bearden, AIDS:
Biological Warfare, Tesla Book Co., P.O. Box 121873, Chula
Vista, California 91912, 1988. Prioré's doctoral thesis (in my personal possession courtesy
of Professor Courrier and the late Chris Bird), was rejected by the
University of Bordeaux when the French government suppressed the
Prioré program in the mid-70s; it is A. Prioré, Guérison de la
Trypanosomiase Expérimentale Aiguë et Chronique par L’action
Combinée de Champs Magnétiques et D’Ondes Electromagnétiques
Modulés. [Healing
of intense and chronic experimental trypanosomiasis by the combined
action of magnetic fields and modulated electromagnetic waves],
1973. Prioré's patents
are: A. Priore, "Apparatus for producing radiations penetrating
living cells," U.S. Patent No. 3,368,155, Feb. 6, 1968; —
"Method of producing radiations for penetrating living
cells," U.S. Patent No. 3,280,816, Oct. 25, 1966; —
"Procede et dispositif de production de rayonnements
utilisables notamment pour le traitement de cellules vivantes,"
[Procedure and Assemblage for Production of Radiation Especially
Serviceable for the Treatment of Living Cells], Republique Francais
Brevet d'Invention P.V. No. 899.414, No. 1,342,772, Oct. 7, 1963.
Eleven years after Priore's thesis was rejected, the same university
awarded a doctoral thesis to a young graduate.
It is Eric Perisse, Effets des Ondes Electromagnètiques
et des Champs Magnètiques sur le Cancer et la Trypanosomiase
Experimentale [Effects of Electromagnetic Waves and Magnetic Fields
on Cancer and Experimental Trypanosomias], Doctoral thesis,
University of Bordeaux No. 83, March 16, 1984.
[90]
. F. A. Popp et
al., "Biophoton Emission (Multi-Author Review)," Experientia,
Vol. 44, 1988, p. 543-600; — "Biophoton emission: New
evidence for coherence and DNA as a source," Cell. Biophys.,
Vol. 6, 1984, p. 33-52; — "Physical
aspects of biophotons." Experientia, Vol. 44, 1988, p.
576-585; — Recent Advances in Biophoton Research and its
Applications, World Scientific Publishing Co., New York, NY,
1992; F. A. Popp, "Photon Storage in Biological Systems,"
in Fritz Albert Popp et al., eds., Electromagnetic Bio-Information: Proceedings of the
Symposium, Marburg, Federal Republic of Germany, Sep. 5, 1977;
Urban & Schwarzenberg, Baltimore, 1979, p. 123-149.
[91]
. David M. Rorvik, "Do the
French have a Cure for Cancer?", Esquire Magazine, July
1975, p. 110-111, 142-149.
[92]
. Arguably
the best introduction to nonlinear optical phase conjugation is
David M. Pepper, "Nonlinear Optical Phase Conjugation," Optical
Engineering, 21(2), March/April 1982, p. 156-183.
Another very good presentation is Amnon Yariv, Optical
Electronics, 3rd Edition, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, New York.
1985, Chapter 16: “Phase Conjugate Optics – Theory and
Applications.”
[93]
. A beautiful example of this “precise
backtracking” of the time-reversed wave is given in David M.
Pepper, "Applications of Optical Phase Conjugation," Scientific
American, 254(1), Jan. 1986, p. 74-83.
See particularly the striking photographic demonstration of
time reversal of disorder on p. 75.
[94]
. We presented some general
elements of this dramatic new extension to nonlinear optical phase
conjugate pumping and to general relativity, at a graduate seminar,
“On the Theory and Principles of EM Systems with COP>1.0”,
given to interested graduates and faculty of the University of
Louisville, on Nov. 20, 1997.
[95]
. E.g., see Owen Flynn,
"Parametric arrays: A new concept for sonar," Electronic
Warfare Magazine, June 1977, p. 107-112.
[96]
. This method of increasing
signal-to-noise ratio and pulling hidden signals right up out of the
noise, is widely used in signal processing in modern radars.
Often signals buried more than 100 dB below the noise level
are routinely “pulled out of the noise” and detected, using
various forms of coherent summation.
[97]
. Any potential decomposes into
multiple wavepair sets. In
each hidden wavepair, each of the two waves further decomposes into
two potentials. Each of
those potentials then
further decomposes into multiple wavepair sets. And so on ad infinitum.
Or one can start with any wave, decompose it into two
potentials, each of those potentials into multiple biwave sets, and
so on.
[98]
. “Fractal”
means self-similarity at all levels, so that patterning or “decomposition”
at one level is similar to that at the higher and lower levels.
For good overview discussions and applications, see
particularly Gregoire Nicolis, “Physics of far-from-equilibrium
systems and self-organization,” and Joseph Ford, “What is chaos,
that we should be mindful of it?”, both in The New Physics,
Paul Davies, editor, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New
York, 1989, p. 316-347 and 348-371 respectively.
More detailed technical references are cited in each article.
[99]
. See Trevor James Constable, “You,
Too, Can Photograph UFOs from Airliners,” Psychic Observer and
Chimes, 37(3), May-June 1977; — The Cosmic Pulse of Life,
Merlin Press, Santa Ana, CA, 1976.
[100]
. The present author has two beautiful
ultraphotographs taken by Joe Gambill using the special filtering
approach. One is a photograph of a room, but with its contents of two
weeks earlier, showing the room prior to the time the photograph
was taken. The other is
of a “ghost” form—very similar to a photograph obtained by
George Meek under rigorous laboratory conditions—and clearly
showing the energy form of a "haunted" lady's dead
husband. The interpretation of these photographs is of course
open to scientific dispute, but the photographs themselves
are impeccable and real.
[101]
. Meek used filters open to UV and IR but
opaque to the visible spectrum, on the fluorescent lights in his
laboratory. He also
used similar filtering on the camera lenses and camera flashes.
Under rigorous laboratory conditions, in several thousand
photos of the living body Meek was able to take a few highly
anomalous photos completely inexplicable by normal science.
E.g., he photographed a purported “ghost” and obtained a
clear shot of energy streaming associated with a living person.
He also photographed the legs of a chair, right through the
suddenly “missing” legs of the person sitting in the chair.
Again, interpretation is open to dispute, but the photographs are
rigorous and real.
[102]
. Bill Fogal’s patented charge-blocking
semiconductor—U.S. Patent Numbers 5,196,809 and 5,430,413—is
capable under certain circumstances—and by clever adaptation—of
amplifying virtual state information, in a manner somewhat similar
to Rife’s methodology, but far more easily engineered.
When the process works, Bill reports that a clear photograph
or video camera shot can be taken right through a solid brick wall,
of the hidden scenery beyond. In
electrodynamics, in a dielectric absorbing or emitting EM radiation
(energy), the entire dielectric participates in each absorption and
emission. Emitted light
from an object thus carries an astoundingly complete set of little
virtual state vacuum engines rigorously representing every part of
the object, no matter how small, and all the internal dynamics.
This means that the light from the scene beyond the wall
strikes the wall on the other side, affecting all the material in
the wall, including upon the observer’s side, and inserting “dimensioning”
from the scene beyond the wall.
When light is emitted from the observer’s side, the
information content of the field representing the scene on the far
side, is also part of the information content of the field in the
light emitted from the observer side of the wall and striking the
camera and the observers eyes.
This “dimensioning” continues in the signals in the
camera and on through attached electronic circuitry.
Since Fogal’s semiconductor can process such information
content of the field in the proper circuitry and under favorable
circumstances, the phenomenon is therefore permissible and can be
technically explained. Using
his transistor to transduce the dimensioned information into the
visual band, Fogal can
view a distant scene right through an intervening wall, when he gets
everything “just right.” At
this stage of development, however, the process and adjustment are
difficult, just as Rife experience with his microscope.
We are convinced that the forthcoming advent of Fogal
semiconductors will revolutionize the study and treatment of disease
and bodily disorders.
[103]
. However,
highly advanced electrodynamics does consider the photon with far
greater complexity than nuclear engineers such as the present author
were introduced to! E.g.,
a deep discussion of photon polarization is given in F. Mandl and G.
Shaw, Quantum Field Theory, Wiley, 1984 under the heading
"covariant quantization of the photon propagator" in
Chapter 5. As pointed
out by Bob Flowers in a private communication, Mandl and Shaw argue
that the longitudinal and scalar polarizations are not directly
observable, but only in combination, where the combination manifests
as the "instantaneous" Coulomb (i.e., electrostatic)
potential. Most such
books do argue that the extra components of the photon remain
hidden, as does the virtual state.
In this paper we have revealed how Rife discovered a process
by means of which the virtual state can be observed in great detail.
[104]
. V. P. Kaznacheyev, "Electromagnetic
Bioinformation in Intercellular Interactions," Psi Research,
1(1), Mar. 1982, p. 47-76; — "Information Function of
Ultraweak Light Flows in Biological Systems," in Problems in
Biophysics, Novosibirsk, 1967, p. 7-18 [in Russian]; — and L.
P. Mikhailova, Ultraweak Radiation in Intercellular Interactions,
[in Russian], Novosibirsk, 1981; — et al., “Apparent information transfer between two groups of
cells,” Psychoenergetic Systems, 1(3), Mar. 1976; — et al., "Distant intercellular interactions in a system of two
tissue cultures," Psychoenergetic Systems, 1(3), Mar.
1976, p. 141-142; "A Comment" by William A. McGarey, p.
143; "A Comment" by Arthur C. Hastings, p. 143-144.
[105]
. Mitogenetic
radiation was studied prior to WW II by Gurwich (spelling varies).
See A. Gurwitsch and L. Gurwitsch, "L'Analyse
mitogenetique spectrale [The Analysis of the mitogenetic
spectrum]," in Andre Mayer, Exposés de Physiologie,
[Studies in Physiology], Hermann & Cie, Paris, 1934.
Part IV. [In
French]. Studies have
continued by Popp and others. E.g.,
see F. A. Popp et al.,
"Biophoton Emission (Multi-Author Review)," Experientia,
Vol. 44, 1988, p. 54 3-600; — "Physical aspects of
biophotons." Experientia, Vol. 44, 1988, p. 576-585; —
"Biophoton emission: New evidence for coherence and DNA as a
source," Cell. Biophys., Vol. 6, 1984, p. 33-52.
See Fritz Albert Popp; Ke-hsueh Li, and Qiao Gu, [eds.], Recent
Advances in Biophoton Research and its Applications, World
Scientific Publishing Co., New York, NY, 1992.
[106]
. The conventional quantum mechanics assumes
that, at the microscopic level, variation (e.g., in the
probabilities assigned to interpret what is propagating in the
Schrödinger equation) is assumed to be random.
However, there is a problem.
Big things must be made of little things.
If we sum a set of "random" things based on Gibbs
thermodynamics statistics, we cannot and will not get an organized
"big thing" because we have assumed total disorder
(randomness) a priori. Adding
heat does not produce cooling!
So one falsifies the prevailing interpretation of quantum
mechanics, whenever one observes a tree, a flower, the sun, or a
human being. In short,
there must exist a great unifying principle in nature of a coherent
summation, from the "unobservable" virtual state to the
observable state. Only
in that fashion can there be an macroscopic order at all—and such
macroscopic order is universally observed.
We believe that the principle we have elucidated, as
experimentally produced by Rife, may well be that long-sought
universal ordering principle that is so sorely needed by quantum
mechanics. Readers
interested in the "missing quantum chaos" problem are
referred to P. V. Elyutin, "The Quantum Chaos Problem," Sov.
Phys. Usp., Vol. 31, No. 7, 1988, p. 597-622. Elyutin discusses
the crisis in quantum mechanics because of the missing hidden order.
Quantum mechanics is known to be wrong unless this order can
be found, because otherwise it does not predict the ordered
macroscopic universe. Other
useful references are Ilya Prigogine, with T. Petrosky,
"Quantum Chaos, Complex Spectral Representation and
Time-Symmetry Breaking," Chaos, Solitons, and Fractals,
Vol. 4, 1994, p. 311-359; and Robert Pool, "Quantum Chaos:
Enigma Wrapped in a Mystery," Science, 243(4893), 1989,
p. 893-895.
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