|Subject: RE: Electromagnetic
Energy from Curved Spacetime
Date: Sat, 6 Oct 2001 18:08:34 -0500
also call attention to the well-known broken symmetry of opposite
charges, as shown and recognized in particle physics.
This means that a dipole is a broken symmetry in the virtual
particle flux of the active vacuum.
In turn, that means that the charges comprising the dipole
absorb virtual photon energy from the vacuum, but at least some of
this absorbed energy is then re-radiated back in observable form
rather than in virtual form.
once the generator or battery forces its internal charges apart to
make the source dipole, that dipole then extracts EM energy from the
generators and batteries do not power their external circuits!
Instead, they make the source dipole, which extracts the energy
from the vacuum and powers the external circuit -- with half the
energy being used to force the ground return electrons through the
source dipole against its internal field, thus destroying the dipole.
Energy from the vacuum powers every electrical grid and circuit
ever built, and it still does. None
of the coal, oil, gas, etc. that is burned -- or the nuclear fuel rods
consumed -- add one watt to the power grid. Neither does the
mechanical energy input to the generator, nor the chemical energy
dissipated in the battery. All
those do, is continue to restore the dipole that the closed current
loop circuit is fiendishly designed to continuously destroy faster
than it powers its load.
a gedankenexperiment example: From
a point in the laboratory, suppose we have a radial line reaching
across the universe. We
have perfect field sensors every 1 second of the speed of light
distance, along that radial line outward.
Suddenly a dipole is instantly produced at that central point
in the lab. One second
later, the first instrument reads, and the reading remains, showing
that not a pulse but the front of a continuous energy flow has passed.
Another second later, the second instruments reads suddenly the
value of the field intensity there, and that reading then remains.
And so on.
year later, a volume of space one light year in diameter has had its
energy density changed, and the energy on the periphery is still
moving outwards at the speed of light.
From whence comes all that energy?
dipoles in original matter have been pouring out EM energy via their
broken symmetry with the active vacuum for some 14 billion years or
so, since the beginning. In
classical EM this problem -- of where the energy comes from that is
pouring out of the charge, has been called the "most difficult
problem in quantal and classical electromagnetics".
(e.g., Sen, Fields
Academic Press, London and New York, 1968, p. viii.
connection between the field and its source has always been and still
is the most difficult problem in classical and quantum
Note that Sen's statement was some 11 years after the award of
the Nobel Prize to Lee and Yang, who already solved that problem in
particle physics, but under the broken symmetry of opposite charges.
solve the problem for a single isolated charge, recall that virtual
charges of opposite sign cluster around it, as is well known in
quantum electrodynamics. Take
a differential piece of the observable charge, and one virtual charge
of opposite sign, and that is a composite dipole.
The charge then can be considered a set of composite dipoles.
Hence the broken symmetry applies to each dipole, and thus to
the ensemble which in macroscopic electromagnetics is called the
"isolated observable charge".
It is isolated from other observable charges, but not from
opposite virtual charges.
"charge as a set of composite dipoles, each with broken symmetry
in the vacuum energy flux", is the solution
to how the charge continuously pours out energy in 3-space,
with no observable 3-space energy input.
It receives its energy from the vacuum as unusable virtual
energy, but transforms it into real observable energy and then pours
that energy out in all directions.
a crude first order model, the charge spins 720 degrees in one
"rotation", being 360 degrees in the complex (time) domain
and then 360 degrees in 3-space.
While in the time domain, it absorbs incoming scalar (time
polarized) photon energy, integrates it with its spin, flips into
3-space, and its excitation decays then by re-emitting that EM energy
in all directions.
one can easily do an experiment to prove that charge and a dipole do
continuously emit energy. Just
place the sensors every one microsecond distance apart, and measure
the result from a nearly instantly produced dipole or charge at the
origin. Either we have to
discard the conservation of energy law, or else the energy must be
continuously replenished from the time domain, i.e., there must be a
time-like EM energy flow into the dipole or the charge. That evokes
the time-polarized EM wave and photon. Obviously that would be
nonobservable, since observation is a d/dt process invoked upon a
4-space LLLT operation ongoing, yielding an instantaneous 3-space
frozen snapshot of dimensions LLL.
Any energy flow along the fourth Minkowski axis will just be
discarded in the observation. Repeated
observation will continue to eliminate and miss all the input energy
along the fourth Minkowski axis.
to save the conservation of energy law, we must propose time-like EM
energy flow, entering into the charge unobservably (in the time
domain), and observable EM energy flow out of the charge in all
directions in 3-space.
1903 decomposition of the scalar potential into a harmonic set of
bidirectional EM longitudinal waves has an interpretation flaw.
Whittaker interpreted the phase conjugate EM wave AFTER it has
interacted with a charge (i.e., the ubiquitous unit point static
positive charge assumed by classical electrodynamics to reside at each
and every point in 3-space. In
short, he interpreted two "effect" waves as if observed.
Instead, the "causal" wave always exists
in 4-space prior to the observation (yielding an effect in
3-space). So we reinterpreted his decomposition into an incoming
time-like EM wave in the forth Minkowski axis, interaction with the
standard assumed unit point charge, to give the output longitudinal EM
wave in 3-space. Note
that these output waves are in all directions, so one still has a
"biwave" solution via the symmetry in the distribution.
now the conservation of energy law is saved.
quantum field theory powerfully supports this proposed solution to the
source charge problem of the association of its fields and potentials
and all that energy in them, reaching across space.
In Mandl and Shaw, Quantum Field Theory, Wiley, 1984, Chapter
5, Mandl and Shaw strongly argue that neither the scalar
(time-polarized) EM photon nor the longitudinal photon are
individually observable, but the combination is observable as the
instantaneous scalar potential -- which, translated into wave
terminology, fully supports my reinterpretation.
note that "virtual" photons are not real 3-space photons,
but have reality because they "exist in time" though not
observable in 3-space (by a d/dt operation upon LLLT).
So the broken symmetry of the dipole, as shown by Lee and Yang
who received the Nobel Prize in 1957 for predicting broken symmetry in
several areas including opposite charges, also is consistent with the
also that U(1) electrodynamics does not contain any solution at all to
the source charge problem, but in fact implies that the charges must
continuously create energy out of nothing, a gross violation of energy
conservation and the ultimate perpetual motion machine.
the new mechanism, one resolves all those problems nicely, and also
has very strong and independent support for the solution.
should love it, because it moves us to a higher form of energy
conservation: EM energy flow is in equilibrium and conserved in
4-space, but not necessarily in 3-space because of the broken
3-equilibrium of the charge or the dipole.
also another thing Prigogine would like:
In terms of observation, this is a giant negentropy mechanism.
The continuous ordering and outpouring of EM energy in 3-space,
simply by making a charge or a dipole, represents a giant negentropy
process because observably there is a continuous outpouring of
observable EM energy in all directions, without any observable EM
energy input in 3-space. This
means that the charge and the dipole are open systems in
disequilibrium in 3-space (but in equilibrium in 4-space), and hence
the classical 3-space equilibrium thermodynamics does not apply to
them. Instead, the
thermodynamics of open systems far from equilibrium (in 3-space)
applies. (Prigogine of
course received the Nobel Prize in 1977 for his contributions to that
science.) Any such open
disequilibrium system is permitted to do five "magic"
functions: It can
(1) self-order, (2) self rotate or self-oscillate, (3) output more
energy than the operator must input (the excess energy comes from the
active exchange with the external environment), (4) power itself and
its load simultaneously and continuously (all the energy continuously
comes from the active exchange with the external environment), and (5)
charge and dipole in the universe already accomplishes all five
problem is not in how to get the energy coming out of the vacuum; that
is ridiculously easy and even trivial, all that you wish.
Just make a common dipole.
At that point you already have an EM system performing
continuous giant negentropy. The
real problem is then in how to intercept and use some of that free
outpouring energy in 3-space, to power a load, without using half of
the captured energy to destroy the dipole (as all present closed
current loop circuits do).
AIAS paper, "Classical
electrodynamics without the Lorentz condition: Extracting energy from
the vacuum," Physica Scripta 61(5), May 2000, p. 513-517,
already gives more than a dozen possibilities for doing this.
The common Bohren experiment (which any nonlinear optics lab
can perform) already exhibits the collection and outputting of 18
times as much energy as the experimenter inputs; see Craig F. Bohren,
"How can a particle absorb more than the light incident on
Journal of Physics, 51(4), Apr. 1983, p. 323-327.
Independent replication of Bohren's results by Paul and Fischer
is published in the same issue.
any dipole and any charge already extracts copious energy from the
seething vacuum, transduces it into real observable EM energy, and
pours it out in 3-space in all directions.
That giant negentropy will last as long as the charge or dipole
is needed in all this is a rigorous theoretical paper by the AIAS,
with far better work than I personally can do.
Many other AIAS papers already establish a solid basis for the
theoretical possibility of extracting EM energy from the vacuum, and
Cole and Puthoff, “Extracting
Energy and Heat from the Vacuum,” Physical Review E,
48(2), Aug. 1993, p. 1562-1565, have shown that there is no
thermodynamical reason that this cannot be done. In other words, we
are okay here with thermodynamics, as well as with particle physics.
gauge freedom itself, an axiom of quantum field theory, means that in
an electromagnetic system the potential can be changed freely at will.
That means that the potential energy of the system can be
changed freely and at will.
the only problem is in discharging that free regauging energy in an
external load, without discharging more energy back across the dipole
to destroy it, than gets to the load.
we have to abandon the gauge freedom axiom, and that would be a
dramatic change indeed to much of modern physics.
development of the motionless electromagnetic generator (MEG) has
proven that electromagnetic energy from the vacuum can be achieved in
the laboratory. The AIAS group has written several papers supporting
this very important result theoretically. The development of the
theory and apparatus is very important because of the shortage of oil.
We are at the point where we intent to solve the Sachs equations
numerically to model apparatus which draws energy from the vacuum. We
would like to draw the attention of all colleagues to the attached
paper by Bearden.