Subject: RE: Advice from Dr
Bearden Date: Sun, 9 Feb 2003 22:47:12 0600
Dear Matt,
My sincere apologies;
this seems to have somehow dropped through the crack. It was
unintentional, I assure you.
I'm delighted to see
you taking an interest in energy from the vacuum, while still at a young
age and with lots of time ahead of you. Sorry your other arrangements
did not work out.
The most important
thing is to intensely study the source charge problem (the problem of
how the charge is able to sit there and continuously pour out real,
observable EM energy at light speed, establishing and continuously
replenishing its associated fields and potentials expanding across the
universe at light speed, without any OBSERVABLE electromagnetic energy
input. When approached in the QFT view of the charge, the charge is
immersed in a seething cluster of virtual photons in the vacuum, so is
continually absorbing and emitting them. Each of these photons also
does the Feynman dance, so it breaks into a positronelectron pair by
pair production, then those turn into a photon again by pair
annihilation, then pair production, then pair annihilation, etc. You
know the drill.
However, now examine
that set of virtual positronelectron pairs, when the energy is in that
form. For a classical electron, e.g., the positron half of each pair is
attracted, and the electron half is repelled  during that
infinitesimal time the pair exists. So the positrons are a little
closer to the electron than are the electrons. This results in a NET
positive charge clustering around the classical electron. Hence the
classical "isolated charge" is an ensemble that is a net dipolarity.
That means that the
asymmetry of opposite charges applies. Ergo, by definition that
ensemble is absorbing virtual energy from the vacuum, continuously
integrating it into quanta, and emitting the resulting observable
photons in all directions, establishing and continuously replenishing
its associated EM fields and potentials.
So all EM fields,
potentials, and energy comes directly from the vacuum via the asymmetry
of the source charge.
The classical
MaxwellHeaviside theory assumes a flat spacetime and an inert vacuum,
so does not contain any energy input to that source charge. Hence that
model  so widely used  assumes that every charge in the universe
freely and continuously creates EM energy out of nothing at all, and
pours it out to establish and replenish its associated EM fields and
potentials.
In short, the greatest
advocates of forbidden perpetual (continuous) motion machines with no
energy input but continuous work output, are the conventional
scientists, electrodynamicists, and electrical engineering departments,
professors, and textbooks.
The physicists missed
it, because seemingly they considered the cloud of photons around the
source charge, and considered pair annihilation and pair production, but
did not consider the opposite virtual charges drawing closer to the bare
charge in the middle while the like virtual chares repelled further
away. In short, they missed the stable dipolarity that formed, hence
missed the broken symmetry of opposite charges associated with the
"isolated classical charge".
We published the gist
of that in 2000, improved it a little in 2001 for my book, Energy
from the Vacuum: Concepts and Principles, and will be doing it just
a bit better in the thermodynamics paper.
None of the shaft
energy we input to a generator gets transduced into EM energy that
passes into the external circuit! None!
Instead, the shaft
energy causes rotor rotation, which creates a magnetic field inside the
generator. The shaft energy we input is thus transduced into that
magnetic field energy. Once the magnetic field is made inside the
generator, it forces the negative charges inside the generator in one
direction and the positive charges in the other, separating them to form
the source dipolarity between the terminals. ALL of the magnetic field
energy is dissipated just to form that dipole.
Once the dipole is
formed, the asymmetry of opposite charges applies. So it continuously
extracts virtual EM energy from the vacuum, transduces it into real EM
energy, and pours out this observable EM energy from the terminals as an
EM energy flow filling all space surrounding the external conductors. A
tiny component of that vast energy flow pouring from the terminals, is
diverged into the conductors to power the electrons; that is the
Poynting component. A very vast remaining component is circuital
current and the curl of a vector field, hence its divergence is zero.
In other words, fortunately it hardly reacts with anything, which is
good. It is so huge in magnitude that, if it interacted, then to have a
flashlight battery in the city would fry a huge city and destroy it
utterly. Heaviside discovered that huge nondiverged energy flow, but
had no notion as to what its source could be. Poynting never even
considered anything but the diverged component that enters the circuit.
Those two scientists (Heaviside and Poynting) independently discovered
"energy flow through space" in the 1880s after Maxwell was already dead.
Circa the 1890s,
Lorentz  who also could not solve the problem of where all that energy
in the Heaviside component could possibly be coming from  eliminated
the problem itself, by integrating the energy flow vector around a
closed surface arbitrarily assumed around any volume element of
interest. That gets rid of all nondiverged energy flow components, so
it arbitrarily discards the huge Heaviside flow while retaining the
Poynting flow that actually enters the circuit.
So electrodynamicists
have continued to use Lorentz's little trick, and discard far, far more
EM energy than they retain.
The Heaviside
component is often some 10exp13 times as great in magnitude as is the
Poynting component. (That is a rough estimate I made some years ago; a
better calculation would be very welcome!).
Before the end of his
life, Heaviside recognized the gravitational implications of his
unaccounted huge energy flow component, because it is so great a change
in the local energy density of spacetime and therefore causes a
curvature of that spacetime. His draft papers on that component
expressed as gravitational form were found beneath the floorboards of
his little garret apartment after his death, and later published by one
of the societies.
I nominated the huge
unaccounted Heaviside component (accompanying every EM field/charge
interaction) as the cause of the excess gravity holding the spiral arms
of the spiral galaxies together.
When one takes a Dirac
sea hole in the vacuum, prior to its interaction with mass, it is a
negative energy electron, not a positron, and is 4dimensional, not
3dimensional. This means that, as a source charge, the negative energy
electron (Dirac sea hole) has negative energy fields and potentials
associated with it. It also has a giant Heaviside energy flow component
associated with it, completely unaccounted. Voila! Those negative
energy fields and potentials from Dirac Sea holes in fact produce the
excess antigravity that is responsible for accelerating the expansion of
the universe.
This latter can also
be used to produce practical antigravity. I had that notion during grad
school at Georgia Tech in 1971, and in the 1980s while working with
Sweet, his machine could be used to do an solid antigravity test because
it produced mostly negative EM energy in its output and thus could
produce local antigravity. In an actual test, the machine reduced its
weight by 90% on the lab bench. Unfortunately Sweet took the final
secret of his machine (which produces 1,500,000 times as much energy out
as the operator put in) to the grave with him, although I know about 90%
of it. But the test worked, and we even got a publication of the
results.
Anyway, that shows
some of what can be done by extracting energy from the vacuum. It also
shows how easy extracting the energy is, but it comes out in a steady
state stream which we call "static fields and static potentials".
So one has to generate
some method of extracting the flowing energy from static fields and
potentials, in a special circuit where the circuit does not use half its
collected energy to destroy its own source dipole in the external power
supply! That is the entire problem in a nutshell.
But to make an
overunity generator, even one with COP = infinity, is trivial. Simply
lay a charged capacitor on a permanent magnet so the Efield of the cap
is at right angle to the Hfield of the magnet, and that maximizes ExH,
the Poynting energy flow. Normal theory completely disregards the
outward flow of photons that establishes and continuously replenishes
the energy in the associated static fields and potentials.
On the other hand, if
the scientific community would just allow the sharp young grad students
and post doctoral scientists to work on that problem, in about two or
three years there would never again be an electrical energy problem
anywhere in the world. We would also very quickly have antigravity,
etc. in practical vehicles, revolutionizing transportation.
Just wanted to give
you that overview, so you can form ideas and relationships to that
matrix of your own.
Sorry I did not answer
you sooner; it was entirely unintentional. Just now I'm on a really
busy schedule, working hard also on the changes to thermodynamics that
result from all this. We have long had a formal correction to the
Second Law, and during the last three days I have also uncovered a
glitch in the present statement of the First Law. Have now (tonight)
roughed out the correction for the First Law statement, but will need to
work on it some more and refine it. When this is finished a few weeks
from now, I'll put it on my website, and also hope to get an article
published on it.
Very best wishes and
good luck in all your endeavors,
Tom Bearden
To Dr Bearden,
