|Subject: RE: Advice from Dr
Date: Sun, 9 Feb 2003 22:47:12 -0600
My sincere apologies; this seems to have somehow dropped through the crack. It was unintentional, I assure you.
I'm delighted to see you taking an interest in energy from the vacuum, while still at a young age and with lots of time ahead of you. Sorry your other arrangements did not work out.
The most important thing is to intensely study the source charge problem (the problem of how the charge is able to sit there and continuously pour out real, observable EM energy at light speed, establishing and continuously replenishing its associated fields and potentials expanding across the universe at light speed, without any OBSERVABLE electromagnetic energy input. When approached in the QFT view of the charge, the charge is immersed in a seething cluster of virtual photons in the vacuum, so is continually absorbing and emitting them. Each of these photons also does the Feynman dance, so it breaks into a positron-electron pair by pair production, then those turn into a photon again by pair annihilation, then pair production, then pair annihilation, etc. You know the drill.
However, now examine that set of virtual positron-electron pairs, when the energy is in that form. For a classical electron, e.g., the positron half of each pair is attracted, and the electron half is repelled --- during that infinitesimal time the pair exists. So the positrons are a little closer to the electron than are the electrons. This results in a NET positive charge clustering around the classical electron. Hence the classical "isolated charge" is an ensemble that is a net dipolarity.
That means that the asymmetry of opposite charges applies. Ergo, by definition that ensemble is absorbing virtual energy from the vacuum, continuously integrating it into quanta, and emitting the resulting observable photons in all directions, establishing and continuously replenishing its associated EM fields and potentials.
So all EM fields, potentials, and energy comes directly from the vacuum via the asymmetry of the source charge.
The classical Maxwell-Heaviside theory assumes a flat spacetime and an inert vacuum, so does not contain any energy input to that source charge. Hence that model -- so widely used --- assumes that every charge in the universe freely and continuously creates EM energy out of nothing at all, and pours it out to establish and replenish its associated EM fields and potentials.
In short, the greatest advocates of forbidden perpetual (continuous) motion machines with no energy input but continuous work output, are the conventional scientists, electrodynamicists, and electrical engineering departments, professors, and textbooks.
The physicists missed it, because seemingly they considered the cloud of photons around the source charge, and considered pair annihilation and pair production, but did not consider the opposite virtual charges drawing closer to the bare charge in the middle while the like virtual chares repelled further away. In short, they missed the stable dipolarity that formed, hence missed the broken symmetry of opposite charges associated with the "isolated classical charge".
We published the gist of that in 2000, improved it a little in 2001 for my book, Energy from the Vacuum: Concepts and Principles, and will be doing it just a bit better in the thermodynamics paper.
None of the shaft energy we input to a generator gets transduced into EM energy that passes into the external circuit! None!
Instead, the shaft energy causes rotor rotation, which creates a magnetic field inside the generator. The shaft energy we input is thus transduced into that magnetic field energy. Once the magnetic field is made inside the generator, it forces the negative charges inside the generator in one direction and the positive charges in the other, separating them to form the source dipolarity between the terminals. ALL of the magnetic field energy is dissipated just to form that dipole.
Once the dipole is formed, the asymmetry of opposite charges applies. So it continuously extracts virtual EM energy from the vacuum, transduces it into real EM energy, and pours out this observable EM energy from the terminals as an EM energy flow filling all space surrounding the external conductors. A tiny component of that vast energy flow pouring from the terminals, is diverged into the conductors to power the electrons; that is the Poynting component. A very vast remaining component is circuital current and the curl of a vector field, hence its divergence is zero. In other words, fortunately it hardly reacts with anything, which is good. It is so huge in magnitude that, if it interacted, then to have a flashlight battery in the city would fry a huge city and destroy it utterly. Heaviside discovered that huge nondiverged energy flow, but had no notion as to what its source could be. Poynting never even considered anything but the diverged component that enters the circuit. Those two scientists (Heaviside and Poynting) independently discovered "energy flow through space" in the 1880s after Maxwell was already dead.
Circa the 1890s, Lorentz -- who also could not solve the problem of where all that energy in the Heaviside component could possibly be coming from -- eliminated the problem itself, by integrating the energy flow vector around a closed surface arbitrarily assumed around any volume element of interest. That gets rid of all non-diverged energy flow components, so it arbitrarily discards the huge Heaviside flow while retaining the Poynting flow that actually enters the circuit.
So electrodynamicists have continued to use Lorentz's little trick, and discard far, far more EM energy than they retain.
The Heaviside component is often some 10exp13 times as great in magnitude as is the Poynting component. (That is a rough estimate I made some years ago; a better calculation would be very welcome!).
Before the end of his life, Heaviside recognized the gravitational implications of his unaccounted huge energy flow component, because it is so great a change in the local energy density of spacetime and therefore causes a curvature of that spacetime. His draft papers on that component expressed as gravitational form were found beneath the floorboards of his little garret apartment after his death, and later published by one of the societies.
I nominated the huge unaccounted Heaviside component (accompanying every EM field/charge interaction) as the cause of the excess gravity holding the spiral arms of the spiral galaxies together.
When one takes a Dirac sea hole in the vacuum, prior to its interaction with mass, it is a negative energy electron, not a positron, and is 4-dimensional, not 3-dimensional. This means that, as a source charge, the negative energy electron (Dirac sea hole) has negative energy fields and potentials associated with it. It also has a giant Heaviside energy flow component associated with it, completely unaccounted. Voila! Those negative energy fields and potentials from Dirac Sea holes in fact produce the excess antigravity that is responsible for accelerating the expansion of the universe.
This latter can also be used to produce practical antigravity. I had that notion during grad school at Georgia Tech in 1971, and in the 1980s while working with Sweet, his machine could be used to do an solid antigravity test because it produced mostly negative EM energy in its output and thus could produce local antigravity. In an actual test, the machine reduced its weight by 90% on the lab bench. Unfortunately Sweet took the final secret of his machine (which produces 1,500,000 times as much energy out as the operator put in) to the grave with him, although I know about 90% of it. But the test worked, and we even got a publication of the results.
Anyway, that shows some of what can be done by extracting energy from the vacuum. It also shows how easy extracting the energy is, but it comes out in a steady state stream which we call "static fields and static potentials".
So one has to generate some method of extracting the flowing energy from static fields and potentials, in a special circuit where the circuit does not use half its collected energy to destroy its own source dipole in the external power supply! That is the entire problem in a nutshell.
But to make an overunity generator, even one with COP = infinity, is trivial. Simply lay a charged capacitor on a permanent magnet so the E-field of the cap is at right angle to the H-field of the magnet, and that maximizes ExH, the Poynting energy flow. Normal theory completely disregards the outward flow of photons that establishes and continuously replenishes the energy in the associated static fields and potentials.
On the other hand, if the scientific community would just allow the sharp young grad students and post doctoral scientists to work on that problem, in about two or three years there would never again be an electrical energy problem anywhere in the world. We would also very quickly have antigravity, etc. in practical vehicles, revolutionizing transportation.
Just wanted to give you that overview, so you can form ideas and relationships to that matrix of your own.
Sorry I did not answer you sooner; it was entirely unintentional. Just now I'm on a really busy schedule, working hard also on the changes to thermodynamics that result from all this. We have long had a formal correction to the Second Law, and during the last three days I have also uncovered a glitch in the present statement of the First Law. Have now (tonight) roughed out the correction for the First Law statement, but will need to work on it some more and refine it. When this is finished a few weeks from now, I'll put it on my website, and also hope to get an article published on it.
Very best wishes and good luck in all your endeavors,
To Dr Bearden,