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SLIDE 3.

CHARACTERISTICS OF SELECTED CONCEPTS


CONCEPT

CHARACTERISTIC

     ENERGY

     ANENERGY

     PRESENT "CHARGE"


     TRUE CHARGE

  FLOW OF OBSERVABLE MASS PARTICLES

  FLOW OF VIRTUAL PARTICLES

  VIRTUAL PARTICLE FLUX TIED TO
  OBSERVABLE MASS PARTICLES

  VIRTUAL PARTICLE FLUX WITHOUT MASS

     FLUX

     FLOW

     CURRENT

  MULTI-DIRECTIONAL FLOW THROUGH A POINT

  UNI-DIRECTIONAL MOVEMENT OF A FLUX
  [GRADIENT]
  UNI-DIRECTIONAL GRADIENT OF A
  [USUALLY CONSTRAINED] FLUX


         On this slide I show some fundamental defining characteristics of energy, "charge" or charged mass as presently in the theory, flux, flow, and current.  These fundamental concepts are often somewhat confused in the literature.
          Particularly note that the concept of energy, being tied to "the capacity to do work," is specifically tied to the concept of mass.  Eventually, energy must be expressed in terms of moving masses -- specifically, in accelerating or decelerating masses.
          I introduce the term "anenergy" here, specifically in relation to the concept of a virtual particle.  Anenergy is roughly equivalent to the present idea of "virtual energy,"
except it more precisely implies the flow or flux of virtual particles.
          We also redefine charge as virtual particle flux, in order to remove the present error in EM theory where "charge" always implies a charged mass.  The electrostatic scalar potential, phi () , then merely becomes the intensity of the massless charge -- that is, the intensity of the virtual particle flux -- at a point.  Let me point out, however, that in the new view this "point" is always in n-dimensional space, where n is equal to or greater than four.  The present 3-space formulation of is thus a highly special case.

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