ELECTRIC CHARGE, OPEN SYSTEM
The electric charge of a
charged particle is due to a
violent exchange of virtual photons between the
charged particle and the local vacuum VPF
- photons continually absorbed from the vacuum
- photons continually radiated back to the vacuum
- this exchange flux is what electric charge IS.
In the nucleus, everything is changing
so to speak. It is a furious, VPF-driven cauldron.
the nucleus is an open, driven system, normally
equilibrium with respect to VPF input and output.
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